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Ardestan jameh mosque is one of the bedchamber mosques which changed to four porches mosque in different eras.
It is said that the first mosque was built on an older building that may be related to Sassanid era according to available documents and sources.
This ancient mosque has four porches and beautiful epigraphs worked with plaster. Those within the dome and the southern porch reveal the dates of 553 and 555 AH. The founder of the said mosque was 'Abu Taher Hossain'.

The oldest parts indicate a pre-Seljuk building, and it is possible the mosque was built on the site of a chahar taq. The structure was incorporated in a Seljuk kiosk mosque in the 12th century, and further expanded to the classical four-iwan plan. The stucco decoration of the mihrab was altered during the Il-Khanid period.

City and mosque changes can be summarized as following eras:
2nd century: Islam publishing has been strengthen so that people tended to be educated in Islamic science in late mentioned century and the early 2nd century and wanted to destroy altars and other temples.
3rd century: The building of Ardestan jameh mosque was built in late half of 3rd century and it is possible that was made ...see more by the order of Umar Ibn Abd Al-Aziz who governed Hamedan in that century. Some great narrators and humanities scholars rose from Ardestan in late 3rd century and some works of mysticism and funeral have been seen.
4th century: This era is the authority of Buyid dynasty and Shia spread among people in this century.
5th and 6th centuries: Islamic education spread and extended.
7th century: People mostly joined mysticism and silence governed Ardestan in this century and no special events happened so that Holaku Khan murdered and ravaged in the country.
9th century: This era was the authority era Timurid rulers. Timur fought with Sham people and specially Umayyad because of vengeance from Imam Hussein (AS) in Sham. When fighting ended, Timur, Arabs and retinue came to Iran and placed them in Ardestan due to their past services and issued a command that gave many ranges such as Babakooh shaft and Baba Khale shaft and many high Abestgah of city garden to all Arabs.

The buildings around the Ardestan jameh mosque include caravansary, Haj Hassan water storage, Hussainia (Tazieh square), low bathroom of jameh mosque, Haj Hossein Nooreddini School and a small bazaar that there are no remained work from the small bazaar and caravansary now. All above mentioned works are around the jameh mosque.

Reference:
http://www.textroad.com/pdf/JBASR/J.%20Basic.%20Appl.%20Sci.%20Res.,%203(2s)43-52,%202013.pdf
http://www.coiradio.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1576:ardestan-jame-mosque-ardestan-&catid=128:monuments
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ardestan

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