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The Golestan Palace literally the Roseland Palace, is the former royal Qajar complex in Iran's capital city, Tehran. The palace was built during the reign of Tahmasb I (r. 1524-1576) of the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736), and was later renovated by Karim Khan Zand (r. 1750-1779). Agha Mohamd Khan Qajar (1742-1797) chose Tehran as his capital. The palace became the site of the Qajar (1794-1925). Court and Golestan Palace became the official residence of the royal family. Golestan Palace complex is made up of several grand buildings set around a carefully manicured garden. Golestan Palace Complex consists of 17 structures including palaces, museums, and halls. Almost all of this complex was built during the 200 years ruling of Qajarian kings. These palaces were used for many different occasions such as coronation and other important celebrations. The complex of Golestan Palace represents an important example of the merging of Persian arts and architecture with European styles and motifs and the adaptation of European building technologies, such as the use of cast iron for load bearing, in Persia. As such Golestan Palace can be considered an exceptional example of an east-west synthesis ...see more in monumental arts, architectural layout and building technology, which has become a source of inspiration for modern Iranian artists and architects. The complex, in its current condition, consists of two connected gardens, a smaller one on the west and a larger one on the east, and the buildings that surround them. The smaller garden on the west, referred as the Takht-i Marmar garden, is oriented along a north-south axis, with a small degree of rotation along the northeast-southwest axis. A water channel runs down the garden's central axis. The larger garden, called the Golestan garden, is roughly square in plan and with a small degree of rotation to northwest-southeast. It features a water channel that runs north-south along its western side, near its border with the Takht-i Marmar garden. In its present form, it comprises several different buildings and halls, including the following: the Imarat-i Takht-i Marmar, (also called the Marble Throne Building, Iwan-i Takht-i Marmar, or Iwan-i Marmar, 1759), the Khalvat-i Karim Khani (Karim Khani Palace, 1759), the Talar-i Almas (Diamond Hall, 1801), the Imarat-i Badgir (Wind-Tower Building, 1813), the Talar-i Aaj (Hall of Ivory, 1863), the Shams al-Imarat (Shams-ol Emareh, or Sun Building, 1866), the Talar-i Salam (Reception Hall, 1874), the Mouze-i Makhsous (Special Museum, 1874), the Talar-i Ayeneh (Hall of Mirrors, 1874), the Imarat-i Brelian (Talar-i Brelian, or Hall of Brilliant Diamonds, 1874), the Kakh-i Ab'yaz (White Palace, 1890), and the Chador Khaneh (Tent House). The characteristic architectural structures of the Qajari era retain authenticity in design and layout and have preserved the exceptional interior and exterior façade decorations. All conservation activities carried out have paid due respect to authenticity of material, design and workmanship. In addition, the palace complex has partly retained its use and function, in particular those galleries and wings that were created as museums during Qajari times. Many of the residential, representative and administrative rooms have changed purpose but the palace is still used as a location for contemporary state activities. All remaining references to the historic Qajari setting of the property are carefully managed and preserved. References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golestan_Palace http://whc.unesco.org http://www.iranreview.org https://www.uppersia.com http://www.lonelyplanet.com

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Tehran's Tourist attractions

Khojir National Park

Khojir Nationa...

Khojir and Sorkheh hesar national park with an area of 9,380 hectares stand at an attitude of 1,547 m. above sea-level, besides Tehran city. This is one of the oldest protected areas in Iran that is greatly considerable in terms of biodiversity and ecological values. The major portion ...

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Shams-ol-Emareh Mansion ( Shams-ol-Emareh )

Shams-ol-Emare...

The lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, ...

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Marble Throne ( Takht-e-Marmar )

Marble Throne ...

The Marble Throne (Takht-e marmar) is a 250 year old royal throne in Tehran, Iran. The throne was built from 1747 to 1751 for Fat'h Ali Shah Qajar. It was designed by Mirza Baba Shirazi Naqqash-Bashi and royal stonecutter Ostad Mohammad Ibrahim Isfahani. It consists of 65 marble stone ...

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Khalvat-e KarimKhani

Khalvat-e Kari...

Dating back to 1759, this building was a part of the interior residence of Karim Khan of Zand. Its basic structure is similar to the Marble Throne. Like the latter, it is a terrace. There is a small marble throne inside the terrace. The structure is much smaller than the Marble Throne a...

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Arg of Tehran ( Citadel of Tehran )

Arg of Tehran ...

After conquering of Tehran, Afghans built a bridge on the north side of this area. In front of it they made a gate called Arg. Tehran Arg and other building inside of it, are related to safavi and Zand`s time. In Agha Mohamad khan time, it was nearly in the north of Tehran, but years ...

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Hosseiniyeh Ershad

Hosseiniyeh Er...

The Hosseinieh Ershad or Hosseiniyeh Ershad is a religious institute in Tehran, Iran. It was closed for a time by the Pahlavi government in 1972. The institute is housed in a large, domed hall, and is used for lectures on history, culture, society, and religion. The Hosseiniyeh Ershad ...

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Imam Khomeini Mosalla of Tehran

Imam Khomeini ...

Located in the capital city of Iran, the Imam Khomeini Mosalla is considered as one of the better venues for hosting various kinds of business and academic events and conferences. Easy to reach and connected to the major destinations by The Iamm Khomeini International Airport, which is ...

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Tomb of Imam Khomeini

Tomb of Imam K...

The Mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini houses the tomb of Ruhollah Moosavi Khomeini and Ahmad Khomeini, his second son who died in 1995. It is located to the south of Tehran in the Behesht-e Zahra (the Paradise of Zahra) cemetery. Construction commenced in 1989 following Khomeini's death o...

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Tehran's Customs

Language and dialectic

Language and d...

The native Persian speakers of Iran dominate Tehran Province with a massive majority of 98.5% whilst other ethnic groups comprise 1.5% of the total population. Other ethnic minorities are noticeable within the area but no individual ethnic group holds a sizeable population within Tehra...

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Haji Firooz

Haji Firooz

Hāji Piruz or Hajji Firuz, popularly (Persian: حاجی پیروز ‎) in the language of literature and satire Haji or Hajji also (Persian: هاجى ‎ a satire maker) is the traditional herald of Nowruz, the Persian New Year. He oversees celebrations for the New Year perhaps as a remnant of the anci...

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Chahar Shanbeh Sury (Wednesday Light)

Chahar Shanbeh...

Chahārshanbe Suri the last Wednesday of the Persian solar year, the eve of which is marked by special customs and rituals, most notably jumping over fire. It is celebrated in Iran and Afghanistan. It is is an ancient Iranian festival dating back to at least 1700 BCE of the early Zoroast...

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Panjak or Panjeh

Panjak or Panj...

Panjak or Khamse Mostargheh referred to the last five days of the year when the weather was so cold. Since the products were in danger of freezing, people went to the mountain and planned a celebration for the weather not getting worst. During these five days, before the beginning of No...

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Tehran's Costume

Tehran's Costu...

Shawl Kollah and Jobeh(something like kaftan that was often worn as a coat or overdress, usually reaching to the ankles, with long sleeves) are among formal and casual clothes that were common in Ghajar era . Shawl Kollah was a kind of turban with an old root. Men’s clothes included: s...

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Dialect

Dialect

Iran is a very big country with variety of ethnicities and races. From region to region you hear many different accents and there are at least 4 main languages and 3 main dialects of Farsi. Tehrani accent is a dialect of modern Persian language spoken in Tehran Province, and the most co...

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Golrizan

Golrizan

Golrizan traditional ceremony has been started in Iran based on an age-old tradition related to the honorable sportsman’s manners. Iranians, from long times ago due to their sense of respect and altruism have been followed this tradition and consider this ritual as a God-given blessing...

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Dizi

Dizi

Ābgusht ( literally translated as "water-meat" ) or Dizi, is a Persian and Mesopotamian stew. It is also called Dizi, which refers to the traditional stone crocks it is served in. Some describe it as a "hearty mutton soup thickened with chickpeas." Ābgusht is usually made with lamb, chi...

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