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Azadi Square (Persian: میدان آزادی - Meydān e Āzādi) is a city square in Tehran, Iran.
It has an area of about 50,000 m2, plus adjacent areas, and is the largest square in Tehran and the second largest in Iran, being smaller than Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan.
The 50 m Azadi Tower is in the centre of the square. Azadi Tower is one of the symbols of Tehran City, the capital of Iran, and marks the west entrance to the city.
The architect, Hossein Amanat, won a competition to design the monument, which combines both Islamic and Sassanid architectural styles; the fifty-foot high tower commemorates the formation of the Persian Empire and is an interesting combination of both modern and ancient cultures.
There are several fountains around the base of the tower and a museum underground.
Like the City Theater, Carpet Museum and Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, the 50m-high structure is a mix of ‘60s modern architecture with traditional Iranian influences, most notably the iwan -style of the arch. The exterior is clad with more than 8000 cut stones, while inside you can see the complex structural engineering in concrete that forms the bones of architect Hossein Amanat’s design.

The ...see more shape of each block was calculated by computer, and programmed to include all the instructions for the building's work. The entrance of the tower is directly underneath the main vault and leads into the Azadi Museum on the basement floor. The black walls and proportions of the building are austere. Heavy doors open onto a crypt with subdued lighting issuing from showcases, each containing an object. Gold and enamel pieces, painted pottery, marble, miniature, and paintings are located among black marble walls. A concrete mesh forms the ceiling. Approximately fifty pieces have been selected, each representing a particular period in Iran's history.
The original show, devised in 1971, was replaced in 1975 by a new one which invited visitors to discover Iran's geographic and natural diversity along with its fundamental historical elements. The landscapes and works of art, the faces and achievements, calligraphic poems and technical undertakings, the life and hopes of a population were shown through its ancient miniatures as well as through the smiling studiousness of Iran's new generation of children. This creative "Sound and Light" performance, devised by a Czechoslovakian firm, required 12,000 meters of film, 20,000 color slides, 20 movie projectors, and 120 slide projectors. Five computers operated the entire system.


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Tehran's Tourist attractions

Khojir National Park

Khojir Nationa...

Khojir and Sorkheh hesar national park with an area of 9,380 hectares stand at an attitude of 1,547 m. above sea-level, besides Tehran city. This is one of the oldest protected areas in Iran that is greatly considerable in terms of biodiversity and ecological values. The major portion ...

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Shams-ol-Emareh Mansion ( Shams-ol-Emareh )

Shams-ol-Emare...

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Marble Throne ( Takht-e-Marmar )

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The Marble Throne (Takht-e marmar) is a 250 year old royal throne in Tehran, Iran. The throne was built from 1747 to 1751 for Fat'h Ali Shah Qajar. It was designed by Mirza Baba Shirazi Naqqash-Bashi and royal stonecutter Ostad Mohammad Ibrahim Isfahani. It consists of 65 marble stone ...

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Khalvat-e KarimKhani

Khalvat-e Kari...

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Arg of Tehran ( Citadel of Tehran )

Arg of Tehran ...

After conquering of Tehran, Afghans built a bridge on the north side of this area. In front of it they made a gate called Arg. Tehran Arg and other building inside of it, are related to safavi and Zand`s time. In Agha Mohamad khan time, it was nearly in the north of Tehran, but years ...

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Hosseiniyeh Ershad

Hosseiniyeh Er...

The Hosseinieh Ershad or Hosseiniyeh Ershad is a religious institute in Tehran, Iran. It was closed for a time by the Pahlavi government in 1972. The institute is housed in a large, domed hall, and is used for lectures on history, culture, society, and religion. The Hosseiniyeh Ershad ...

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Imam Khomeini Mosalla of Tehran

Imam Khomeini ...

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Tomb of Imam Khomeini

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Tehran's Customs

Language and dialectic

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The native Persian speakers of Iran dominate Tehran Province with a massive majority of 98.5% whilst other ethnic groups comprise 1.5% of the total population. Other ethnic minorities are noticeable within the area but no individual ethnic group holds a sizeable population within Tehra...

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Chahar Shanbeh Sury (Wednesday Light)

Chahar Shanbeh...

Chahārshanbe Suri the last Wednesday of the Persian solar year, the eve of which is marked by special customs and rituals, most notably jumping over fire. It is celebrated in Iran and Afghanistan. It is is an ancient Iranian festival dating back to at least 1700 BCE of the early Zoroast...

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Panjak or Panjeh

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Tehran's Costume

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Dialect

Dialect

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Golrizan

Golrizan

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