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The name of these carpets is associated with the village of Heris or Herez to the North East of Tabriz.
Heriz rugs are Persian rugs from the area of Heris, East Azerbaijan in northwest Iran, northeast of Tabriz. Such rugs are produced in the village of the same name in the slopes of Mount Sabalan.
Heriz carpets are extremely durable and hard-wearing and they can last for generations. 19th century examples of such carpets are often found on sale by major auction houses in United States and Europe.
New Herizes are thick, tough, and often reasonable in price. Such rugs age well and become more and more beautiful with age. Part of the reason for the toughness of Heriz carpets is that Mount Sabalan sits on a major deposit of copper.
Traces of copper in the drinking water of sheep produces high quality wool that is far more resilient than wool from other areas.
The stylistic decoration of the “Heris” carpets is rather unique. The composition ...see more and common shapes of the details are created on the basis of the composition “lachak turanj”, which is formed by the foliate curve-linear patterns.
However, with time the patterns of this composition became dotted and created an independent Carpet pattern. Normally, the Carpet was woven from memory, without a sketch.
There is not surprising because since the beginning of the 16th century till the present day the craftsmen in Heris have traditionally been making only this type of Carpet, and they know perfectly well its design and pattern.
Note that the residents of Heris are also renowned for production of flat-weave rugs – palases and kilims

Reference : wikipedia.org
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