Qom or Qum rugs are made in the Qom Province of Iran, southwest of Tehran. The silk carpets of Qom are known for their high quality and have the most small dotted ones in Iran.
The quality of Qom rugs and carpets varies. Newer ones are much better in quality and pattern. Most high quality Qom rugs and carpets are made of pure silk with very high KPSI and are among the finest looking rugs in IRAN and the world.
The majority of Qom rugs and carpets are small to mid-size (3 x 5 to 5 x 7 feet) and Qom rugs and carpets come in a variety of colors, but red, blue, and ivory are very common.
Qom weavers prefer to weave the most favorable designs of other Persian weaving groups and sometimes Caucasian weaving groups and adjusting these designs to their own taste. It is possible for Qom rugs to be mistaken with Kashan or Esfahan rugs. However, they will not be mistaken with Tabriz rugs because Qom , Kashan and Esfahan rugs are woven with the asymmetric (Persian) knot and Tabriz rugs are woven with the symmetric (Turkish) knot. All silk, part silk/part wool, and kork (fine wool taken from the belly of sheep) Qom rugs are very well-known in Iran and abroad. The foundation of Qom rugs could be ...see more either cotton or silk. Most Qom rugs have curvilinear patterns, and very elaborate floral motifs with intricate leaves and vines. As mentioned above the designs are varied, taken from different weaving groups. Some designs used in Qom rugs consist of vase, moharramaat, mir-i-boteh, zell-i sultan, panelled garden, hunting, tree-of-life, pictorial, Shah Abbassi melallion-and-corner with usually a circular medallion, all-over Shah Abbasi, medallion with open field, medallions resembling the famous Esfahan Sheikh Lotfollah medallion, prayer and all-over gul farangi (roses). The gul farangi motif seems to be a popular motif also used in vase, tree-of-life, and zell-i sultan designs. A panelled design containing very different motifs in each compartment is also common; the motifs inside the compartments can consist of pictorials, vases, hunting scenes, and botehs all in one rug. The colors used in Qom rugs are as diverse as the designs. The overall appearance could either be pale with background and border colors such as ivory, champagne, turquoise and light green, or it could be dark with background colors such as dark blue and even sometimes red. Red, blue and green are also used as motif colors. Other commonly used colors in Qom rugs are mushroom, rose, gold, yellow ocher and orange orcher.
Reference : oldcarpet.com - wikipedia.org - bashircarpets.com