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The Grand Bazaar is a historical market located in southern Tehran. The bazaar is claimed to be the largest mall on the planet. Though, nobody knows when exactly this bazaar appeared on the face of the earth, however, such market construction has thousands years of history in Iran and Rey, for instance, was a center of Silk Road trade in old times.
Tehran’s grand bazaar was built following the ancient tradition. The structure of Tehran’s market has been under restoration plan lately, to keep the historical bazaar-like architecture as it is in the older corridors.
Traditionally, the Tehran bazaar was split into corridors, each specializing in different types of goods, including copper, carpets, paper, spices, and precious metals, as well as small traders selling all types of goods. Today, modern goods are available as well, in addition to the many traditional corridor traders that still survive.
Iranian architecture makes use of abundant symbolic geometry, using pure forms such as circles and squares, and plans are based on often symmetrical layouts featuring rectangular courtyards and halls.
While the current bazaar is most associated with the 19th century onwards, its roots go back much further.
Despite relying heavily on this historical legacy, much of the bazaar itself was constructed fairly recently. The oldest remaining buildings, walls and passages in the bazaar today very rarely exceed 400 years, with many being constructed or rebuilt within the last 200 years. In this sense, the current grand bazaar is one of the newest in the Middle East.
The old sections of the bazaar are generally similar in architectural style, while parts added in the 20th century often look markedly different; critics say that less care was taken in the construction of later sections. However, in an effort to increase the prestige of the bazaar, projects to beautify the bazaar through the use of plaster moulding and decorative brickwork were undertaken late in the 20th century.
the wide and expanded network of the Bazaar of Tehran was extended from the south of Arg up to Molavi Avenue. In this expanded network, the components of the Bazaar (Timchehs, houses, rows, corridors, docks, caravanserais) appeared together with buildings such as mosques, schools, bath-houses with beautiful patterns.
The most important existing bazaars of Tehran include Udlajan, cloth sellers, shoemakers, goldsmiths, ironsmiths, copper smiths, Abbas-Abad, Bein-ol-Haramein, Cheheltan (the oldest row dating to Fath-Ali Shah's reign), the Larger Chaharsou, Masjed Jame, Hazrati, Pachenar etc.
The Grand bazaar is still an important place of commerce for Tehranis, Iranians, traveling merchants and - increasingly - tourists. However, much of the trade and finance in the city has moved to the north of the city, leaving the bazaar somewhat decreased in importance. Still, in addition to the traditional goods on sale, the market for watches and local jewelry is apparently growing, most likely for the benefits of tourists. As is in keeping with the market spirit, tourists are encouraged to haggle.


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Tehran's Tourist attractions

Khojir National Park

Khojir Nationa...

Khojir and Sorkheh hesar national park with an area of 9,380 hectares stand at an attitude of 1,547 m. above sea-level, besides Tehran city. This is one of the oldest protected areas in Iran that is greatly considerable in terms of biodiversity and ecological values. The major portion ...

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Shams-ol-Emareh Mansion ( Shams-ol-Emareh )


The lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, ...

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Marble Throne ( Takht-e-Marmar )

Marble Throne ...

The Marble Throne (Takht-e marmar) is a 250 year old royal throne in Tehran, Iran. The throne was built from 1747 to 1751 for Fat'h Ali Shah Qajar. It was designed by Mirza Baba Shirazi Naqqash-Bashi and royal stonecutter Ostad Mohammad Ibrahim Isfahani. It consists of 65 marble stone ...

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Khalvat-e KarimKhani

Khalvat-e Kari...

Dating back to 1759, this building was a part of the interior residence of Karim Khan of Zand. Its basic structure is similar to the Marble Throne. Like the latter, it is a terrace. There is a small marble throne inside the terrace. The structure is much smaller than the Marble Throne a...

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Arg of Tehran ( Citadel of Tehran )

Arg of Tehran ...

After conquering of Tehran, Afghans built a bridge on the north side of this area. In front of it they made a gate called Arg. Tehran Arg and other building inside of it, are related to safavi and Zand`s time. In Agha Mohamad khan time, it was nearly in the north of Tehran, but years ...

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Hosseiniyeh Ershad

Hosseiniyeh Er...

The Hosseinieh Ershad or Hosseiniyeh Ershad is a religious institute in Tehran, Iran. It was closed for a time by the Pahlavi government in 1972. The institute is housed in a large, domed hall, and is used for lectures on history, culture, society, and religion. The Hosseiniyeh Ershad ...

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Imam Khomeini Mosalla of Tehran

Imam Khomeini ...

Located in the capital city of Iran, the Imam Khomeini Mosalla is considered as one of the better venues for hosting various kinds of business and academic events and conferences. Easy to reach and connected to the major destinations by The Iamm Khomeini International Airport, which is ...

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Tomb of Imam Khomeini

Tomb of Imam K...

The Mausoleum of Ayatollah Khomeini houses the tomb of Ruhollah Moosavi Khomeini and Ahmad Khomeini, his second son who died in 1995. It is located to the south of Tehran in the Behesht-e Zahra (the Paradise of Zahra) cemetery. Construction commenced in 1989 following Khomeini's death o...

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Tehran's Customs

Language and dialectic

Language and d...

The native Persian speakers of Iran dominate Tehran Province with a massive majority of 98.5% whilst other ethnic groups comprise 1.5% of the total population. Other ethnic minorities are noticeable within the area but no individual ethnic group holds a sizeable population within Tehra...

Haji Firooz

Haji Firooz

Hāji Piruz or Hajji Firuz, popularly (Persian: حاجی پیروز ‎) in the language of literature and satire Haji or Hajji also (Persian: هاجى ‎ a satire maker) is the traditional herald of Nowruz, the Persian New Year. He oversees celebrations for the New Year perhaps as a remnant of the anci...

Chahar Shanbeh Sury (Wednesday Light)

Chahar Shanbeh...

Chahārshanbe Suri the last Wednesday of the Persian solar year, the eve of which is marked by special customs and rituals, most notably jumping over fire. It is celebrated in Iran and Afghanistan. It is is an ancient Iranian festival dating back to at least 1700 BCE of the early Zoroast...

Panjak or Panjeh

Panjak or Panj...

Panjak or Khamse Mostargheh referred to the last five days of the year when the weather was so cold. Since the products were in danger of freezing, people went to the mountain and planned a celebration for the weather not getting worst. During these five days, before the beginning of No...

Tehran's Costume

Tehran's Costu...

Shawl Kollah and Jobeh(something like kaftan that was often worn as a coat or overdress, usually reaching to the ankles, with long sleeves) are among formal and casual clothes that were common in Ghajar era . Shawl Kollah was a kind of turban with an old root. Men’s clothes included: s...



Iran is a very big country with variety of ethnicities and races. From region to region you hear many different accents and there are at least 4 main languages and 3 main dialects of Farsi. Tehrani accent is a dialect of modern Persian language spoken in Tehran Province, and the most co...



Golrizan traditional ceremony has been started in Iran based on an age-old tradition related to the honorable sportsman’s manners. Iranians, from long times ago due to their sense of respect and altruism have been followed this tradition and consider this ritual as a God-given blessing...



Ābgusht ( literally translated as "water-meat" ) or Dizi, is a Persian and Mesopotamian stew. It is also called Dizi, which refers to the traditional stone crocks it is served in. Some describe it as a "hearty mutton soup thickened with chickpeas." Ābgusht is usually made with lamb, chi...

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