Description

Edit
The Fire temple of Isfahan is a Sassanid-era archaeological complex located on a hill of the same name about eight kilometers west of city center of Isfahan, Iran.
The hill, which rises about 210 meters above the surrounding plain, was previously called Maras or Marabin after a village near there, and it is by that name that the site is referred to by Arab historians.

One part of the complex, on the southern flank of the hill, are the remains of a citadel of about twenty buildings (or rooms within buildings), many of which—particularly those in the lower half of cluster—are however only evident as foundation traces.
Several buildings in the cluster have a classic char taq "four arch" floor-plan, characteristic of Zoroastrian fire-temples of the 3rd century onwards and that are the actual atashgahs that housed sacred fires. Other buildings include what may have been storage rooms and living quarters for priests and affluent pilgrims. A tentative identification of the purpose of the ruins was first made in 1937 by Andre Godard,but it was not until 1960, when architect Maxine Siroux made the first drawings, that the site could be properly studied. Godard's identifications were subsequently ...see more confirmed by Klaus Schippman in 1971.
Another feature of the complex are the remains of a tower-like circular building on the very top of the same hill. This structure, which was once at least twenty meters high, is known by the local populace as the Burj-i Gurban, or Burj-i Kurban, "Tower of Sacrifice," and appears to have been a military watch-tower with a flare that could be lit to warn of an approaching enemy (i.e. a beacon).
In both cases, the remaining walls are of baked brick, held together with a clay-reed mixture. In the 10th century, the buildings were used by the Esmā'ili inhabitants of Isfahan to hide from tax collectors. The Arab historian Masudi visited the site around the same time, and records local tradition as having believed that the site was converted from one of idol worship to one of fire by "King Yustasf (i.e. Vishtaspa, the patron of Zoroaster) when he adopted the religion of the Magi.

In 2002 archaeologist Alireza Jafari Zand published a report on pre-Islamic Isfahan in which he emphasizes the religious role of the complex, and with reference to radiocarbon dating suggests that the construction was Elamite (pre-6th century). A doctoral thesis suggests a "similarity" between the tower and an edifice in Qom known as the Chahak fire temple; the similarity—so the author—being that the building in Qom has a cylindrical structure at the top while the tower in Isfahan is based on a circular plan.

Reference:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire_temple_of_Isfahan

show and print the road

You can see and print the route and distance between two recorded places by choosing the point of departure and destination

choosing departure
choosing destination
watch the road

Isfahan's Tourist attractions

Ali Qapu

Ali Qapu

At the west of Maidane Immam (Naghsh-e Jahan), just in front of the Sheikh Lotfollah mosque one, of the most magnificent palaces of 17th century is located. The Ali Qapu palace is well-known palace all over Iran. The first part of palace was built in 1597. It was used as a residential p...

Information| Map | Route
Hasht Behesht (Eight heavens)

Hasht Behesht ...

In a dry city which is located at the edge of desert, with long hot summer, Gardens and streams of waters, beautiful roses, shades of trees, sound of birds and nightingales play a great role in our lives. In great part of Iranian literature, especially poems, gardens are beautiful parts...

Information| Map | Route
Chehel Sotun (fourty poles)

Chehel Sotun (...

Several palaces were built in Isfahan, during Safavid era few of them have survived. Even those which have survived were severely damaged. The palace of Chehel Sotun (palace of 40 pillars) is located in a vast beautiful garden. The original garden was larger than now. The present garden...

Information| Map | Route
Naghsh-E- Jahan  (IMAM SQUARE)

Naghsh-E- Jaha...

Nagsh means "pattern" and Jahan means "world". This square is the most beautiful and magnificent sight of Isfahan. Several descriptions have been written about this square (Maidan). The square is 510 meters long and 163 meters wide and the arena of it is about 80000 square meters. The ...

Information| Map | Route
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque

Sheikh Lotfoll...

A masterpiece of world's architecture was built during the reign of Shah Abbas the great. Sheikh Lotfollah was one of Shiite prominent, preachers and clergies who came from Jabal Amel in Lebanon to Isfahan. The Shah Abbas supported him and the Sheikh took up residence in Isfahan and the...

Information| Map | Route
Siosepol

Siosepol

Siosepol or Siose Bridge (which means 33 Bridge or the Bridge of 33 Arches), also called the Allah-Verdi Khan Bridge, is one of the eleven bridges of Isfahan, Iran. This is probably the most famous of Isfahan's bridges.The bridge connects central Chahar Bagh to the lower part of Chahar...

Information| Map | Route
Monar Jonban

Monar Jonban

The Monar Jonban (Shaking Minarets), or Menar-e-jomban, is a manument located in Isfahan, in central Iran. Construction began in 14th century to cover the grave of Amu Abdollah Soqla. Its notable feature is that if one of the minarets is shaken, the other minaret will shake as well. Th...

Information| Map | Route
Isfahan's birds park

Isfahan's bird...

Esfahan Bird Garden is founded in 1996 the garden covers more than 50,000 square meters, most of which is enclosed by a net suspended high off the ground giving the 125 or so species of birds plenty of room to fly around freely whilst making sure that they don’t escape their environs. ...

Information| Map | Route
See all tourist attractions

Isfahan's Customs

biryani

biryani

During the Safavid dynasty, a dish called Berian Polo (Nastaliq script: بریان پلو) was made with lamb or chicken, marinated overnight – with yogurt, herbs, spices, dried fruits like raisins, prunes or pomegranate seeds – and later cooked in a tannour oven. It was then served with steame...

Information
Kaleh Joosh ( kale joosh )

Kaleh Joosh ( ...

2 Cups Kashk 1 Bunch Mint 1/2 Cup Walnut 1 Small Onion 2 Garlic Cloves 2 Tbsp vegetable Oil Turmeric PREPARATIONS: 1- Dice the onion and the garlic cloves 2- Mince the mint 3- Shred the walnut DIRECTIONS: 1- Fry the Onions and garlic with two tbs vegetable oil in a pot...

Information
Costume

Costume

...

Information
Celebrating and ceremony of making rosewater

Celebrating an...

Every year, many people from different parts of the country and abroad visit Kashan, the hub of Mohammadi Rose in Iran. The season for picking rose and preparing rosewater is from early May to mid-June. In May, the scent of rose spreads over different areas of Kashan, such as Qamsar, Jo...

Information
Khoresht -e mast ( yogurt stew )

Khoresht -e ma...

"Khoresht-e mast" (yogurt stew) is a traditional dish in Isfahan. Unlike other stews despite its name, it is not served as a main dish and with rice; Since it is more of a sweet pudding it is usually served as a side dish or dessert. The dish is made with yogurt, lamb/mutton or chicken,...

Information
Sumac Potage(Ash Somagh)

Sumac Potage(A...

...

Information

Isfahan's Goods And Crops

Inlay working ( Khatam Kari)

Inlay working ...

Khatam is beside Muarraq one of the finest Persian/Iranian wooden Handicrafts. Persian micro-mosaic Inlay work is called Khatam. Khatam is the Persian marquetry (Persian intarsia), a mosaic-like inlay of contrasting materials such as bone, mother-of-pearl, woods of various colors, metal...

Information
Isfahan's Carpet

Isfahan's Carp...

Carpets are one of the first artistic handicrafts which have been woven since ancient times in Persia . Iranian Carpets have always been famous all over the world. Almost all international tourists buy even a small Iranian carpet during their trips in Iran. The oldest Persian carpet was...

Information
Enamel working (Mina Kari)

Enamel working...

Enamel working and decorating metals with colorful and baked coats are one of the distinguished artwork in Isfahan. Although this course is of abundant use industrially for producing metal and hygienic dishes, it has been paid high attention by painters, goldsmiths and metal engravers ...

Information
Gaz

Gaz

Gaz is a kind of traditional Iranian confectionary that produce from the processing of Sugar, Glucose Syrup, Rose Water, natural Manna, Albumen and different Nuts specially Pistachio. Over 100 years Gaz has been produced as a commercial product and presented as a famous Isfahan souvenir...

Information
gf

gf

...

Information
[posttitle]

[posttitle]

[postbody]

مشاهده مطلب