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Bahāʾ al‐Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‐ʿĀmilī was a scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and a poet in 16th-century Iran. He was born in Baalbek, Lebanon but immigrated in his childhood to Safavid Iran with his father.

In the past, people didn't have private baths in their houses; instead, there were public bathhouses, which were places with big pools of warm water, which people sat around in. The Sheikh Bahai bath was one of those public baths, which could accommodate hundreds of people at the same time and which was kept warm by just a candle.
The bath of Sheikh Bahai is located in a small street named after him in the southern section of the old bazaar close to the Masjed-e-Jomeh.The bathroom derives its principal fame from the story that it was warmed by a single candle ,which was placed in a closed space and never needed renewing.

The most famous of these was a bath called Hammam-e-Bahai (the bath of Bahai). Regardless of the time of the year, the water in the bath was always lukewarm. In their curiosity to find out how it worked, the British destroyed the bath several centuries later. To their surprise, they discovered only a small candle burning below ...see more the water reservoir, which had somehow managed to keep the water temperature steady for over 250 years!

The candle was rather larger than the ones we use on tables, and the clay pipes which circulated the water became unusable many years ago. According to his own instructions, the candle's fire would be put out once disclosed. This happened during the restoration and repair of the building and no one could make the system work again.
Sheikh Bahai was a noted philosopher and mathematician who worked for Shah Abbas I and who also designed the Sundial in the Royal Mosque which to this day accurately gives the time for mid-day prayers. An inscription over the doorway is all that identifies the building today.

Isfahan's Sheikh Bahai bathhouse is on the verge of destruction. Years of utter neglect have taken their toll on this historic monument. Unless the responsible authorities act soon to restore this building and maintain it going forward, the future will be very gloomy for the bathhouse.
After more than three centuries, Iran has duplicated Sheikh Bahaei's boiler that used a single candle as its energy source.

“Sheikh Bahaei's boiler has been replicated after 300 years and uses 30% less fuel,” Fars news agency quoted the head of the Union of Inventors in Iran's Khorasan Razavi province, Ali Asghar Berahmand, as saying on Sunday.

“The boiler is a duplicate of Sheikh Bahaei's which was heated by a single candle. But there are minor differences between the two furnaces, as we are unaware of some secrets that have yet to be brought to light,” he added.

“The small but unique boiler has won two gold medals in Switzerland and Moscow in 2006 and 2007,” he asserted.
According to Berahmand, many countries are interested in buying the furnace, which costs about 600 dollars.
“The furnace has been displayed in numerous foreign exhibitions this year,” he concluded.
Sheikh Bahaei lived almost 400 years ago, and was a philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. He has a recognized legacy of 88 articles, letters and books along with poetry in Persian and Arabic.

As the architect of Isfahan's Imam Mosque, he demonstrated his knowledge of architecture and geometry.

His design and construction of a public bath in Isfahan, still known as Sheikh Bahaei's bath, was amazing. All the water was heated by a single candle. According to his own instructions, the system would fail if the enclosure was ever opened. This happened during the restoration and repair of the building; to date, no one has been able to restart the boiler.

Sheikh Bahaei also designed the Manar Jonban, the Shaking Minarets, which continue to move in Isfahan.

Reference:
http://www.payvand.com/news/10/feb/1219.html
http://edition.presstv.ir/detail/114203.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bah%C4%81%CA%BE_al-d%C4%ABn_al-%CA%BF%C4%80mil%C4%AB

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Isfahan's Tourist attractions

Ali Qapu

Ali Qapu

At the west of Maidane Immam (Naghsh-e Jahan), just in front of the Sheikh Lotfollah mosque one, of the most magnificent palaces of 17th century is located. The Ali Qapu palace is well-known palace all over Iran. The first part of palace was built in 1597. It was used as a residential p...

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Hasht Behesht (Eight heavens)

Hasht Behesht ...

In a dry city which is located at the edge of desert, with long hot summer, Gardens and streams of waters, beautiful roses, shades of trees, sound of birds and nightingales play a great role in our lives. In great part of Iranian literature, especially poems, gardens are beautiful parts...

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Chehel Sotun (fourty poles)

Chehel Sotun (...

Several palaces were built in Isfahan, during Safavid era few of them have survived. Even those which have survived were severely damaged. The palace of Chehel Sotun (palace of 40 pillars) is located in a vast beautiful garden. The original garden was larger than now. The present garden...

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Naghsh-E- Jahan  (IMAM SQUARE)

Naghsh-E- Jaha...

Nagsh means "pattern" and Jahan means "world". This square is the most beautiful and magnificent sight of Isfahan. Several descriptions have been written about this square (Maidan). The square is 510 meters long and 163 meters wide and the arena of it is about 80000 square meters. The ...

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Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque

Sheikh Lotfoll...

A masterpiece of world's architecture was built during the reign of Shah Abbas the great. Sheikh Lotfollah was one of Shiite prominent, preachers and clergies who came from Jabal Amel in Lebanon to Isfahan. The Shah Abbas supported him and the Sheikh took up residence in Isfahan and the...

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Siosepol

Siosepol

Siosepol or Siose Bridge (which means 33 Bridge or the Bridge of 33 Arches), also called the Allah-Verdi Khan Bridge, is one of the eleven bridges of Isfahan, Iran. This is probably the most famous of Isfahan's bridges.The bridge connects central Chahar Bagh to the lower part of Chahar...

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Monar Jonban

Monar Jonban

The Monar Jonban (Shaking Minarets), or Menar-e-jomban, is a manument located in Isfahan, in central Iran. Construction began in 14th century to cover the grave of Amu Abdollah Soqla. Its notable feature is that if one of the minarets is shaken, the other minaret will shake as well. Th...

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Isfahan's birds park

Isfahan's bird...

Esfahan Bird Garden is founded in 1996 the garden covers more than 50,000 square meters, most of which is enclosed by a net suspended high off the ground giving the 125 or so species of birds plenty of room to fly around freely whilst making sure that they don’t escape their environs. ...

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Isfahan's Customs

biryani

biryani

During the Safavid dynasty, a dish called Berian Polo (Nastaliq script: بریان پلو) was made with lamb or chicken, marinated overnight – with yogurt, herbs, spices, dried fruits like raisins, prunes or pomegranate seeds – and later cooked in a tannour oven. It was then served with steame...

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Kaleh Joosh ( kale joosh )

Kaleh Joosh ( ...

2 Cups Kashk 1 Bunch Mint 1/2 Cup Walnut 1 Small Onion 2 Garlic Cloves 2 Tbsp vegetable Oil Turmeric PREPARATIONS: 1- Dice the onion and the garlic cloves 2- Mince the mint 3- Shred the walnut DIRECTIONS: 1- Fry the Onions and garlic with two tbs vegetable oil in a pot...

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Costume

Costume

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Celebrating and ceremony of making rosewater

Celebrating an...

Every year, many people from different parts of the country and abroad visit Kashan, the hub of Mohammadi Rose in Iran. The season for picking rose and preparing rosewater is from early May to mid-June. In May, the scent of rose spreads over different areas of Kashan, such as Qamsar, Jo...

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Khoresht -e mast ( yogurt stew )

Khoresht -e ma...

"Khoresht-e mast" (yogurt stew) is a traditional dish in Isfahan. Unlike other stews despite its name, it is not served as a main dish and with rice; Since it is more of a sweet pudding it is usually served as a side dish or dessert. The dish is made with yogurt, lamb/mutton or chicken,...

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Sumac Potage(Ash Somagh)

Sumac Potage(A...

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Isfahan's Goods And Crops

Inlay working ( Khatam Kari)

Inlay working ...

Khatam is beside Muarraq one of the finest Persian/Iranian wooden Handicrafts. Persian micro-mosaic Inlay work is called Khatam. Khatam is the Persian marquetry (Persian intarsia), a mosaic-like inlay of contrasting materials such as bone, mother-of-pearl, woods of various colors, metal...

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Isfahan's Carpet

Isfahan's Carp...

Carpets are one of the first artistic handicrafts which have been woven since ancient times in Persia . Iranian Carpets have always been famous all over the world. Almost all international tourists buy even a small Iranian carpet during their trips in Iran. The oldest Persian carpet was...

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Enamel working (Mina Kari)

Enamel working...

Enamel working and decorating metals with colorful and baked coats are one of the distinguished artwork in Isfahan. Although this course is of abundant use industrially for producing metal and hygienic dishes, it has been paid high attention by painters, goldsmiths and metal engravers ...

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Gaz

Gaz

Gaz is a kind of traditional Iranian confectionary that produce from the processing of Sugar, Glucose Syrup, Rose Water, natural Manna, Albumen and different Nuts specially Pistachio. Over 100 years Gaz has been produced as a commercial product and presented as a famous Isfahan souvenir...

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