Marvdasht County is a county in Fars Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Marvdasht. At the 2006 census, its population was 123,858, in 29,134 families and At the 2006 census, the county's population was 294,621, in 69,244 families.
The county has an area of 3687 square kilometers and neighbors Arsenjan in the east, Pasargad in the north, Khorambid and Eghlid in the northwest, Sepidan in the southwest and Shiraz in the south.
The city is located 45 km north of Shiraz ...see more and has an altitude of 1620 meters above the sea level. Marvdasht has a cold weather in the hilly areas and moderate climate in other regions.
Marvdasht is as ancient of the history of Iran and the vast Persian empire. The Persepolis is in the vincity of the city and few kilometers farther Naghsh-e-Rostam, Naghsh-e-Rajab and the ruins of the ancient city of Estakhr are reminiscent of the glorious history of the city. Archeological excavations have shown that millenniums before Darius decided to choose the plains of Rahmat Mount for the construction of the majestic Persepolis Palaces, civilized populations had been living in the Marvdasht Plains.
The historians have said that Marvdasht was originally the name of one the neighborhoods of the ancient city of Estakhr and gradually the whole area was called Marvdasht. On the other hand, some have argued that Marv a plant which grew in the area and that is why the suffix "Dasht" which in Persian means Plain was added to the word to designate the plains in the area.
But the city itself does not have a long history and has been built in the 20th century. Government built the sugar factory in 1935 (1314), the city gradually developed around the factory and each year it absorbed an enormous population leaving nearby villages or abandoning nomadic life and settling in the flourishing city. People from farther areas also migrated to Marvdasht. Other factories such as the petrochemical complex, Azmayesh (producing househould appliances and intended to be biggest in the middle east), Charmineh leather factory, Fars meat complex and Dadli biscuit company were constructed around the city and as a huge workforce was required, the population of Marvdasht increased and it became the second most populated city in Fars province and was called the industrial city of the province.But the city did not just excel in industry, the fertile lands around Marvdasht have turned it into a center of agriculture in Iran and it has surpassed other Iranian areas in producing wheat, maize, tomato, cucumber and other agricultural products.