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Climate : Temperate
OldName : Parseh
Area : 122608
Population : 4596658
Fars Province ( originally spelled Pars ), is one of the 31 provinces and known as Cultural Capital of Iran. It is in the south of the country and its center is Shiraz. It has an area of 122,400 km². In 2006, this province had a population of 4.57 million people, of which 61.2% were registered as urban dwellers, 38.1% villagers, and 0.7% nomad tribes. The etymology of the word "Persian" is derived from ...see more the cultural capital of Iran and found in many ancient names associated with Iran.
Fars or Pars is the original homeland of the Persian people. The native name of the Persian language is Fârsi or Pârsi. Persia and Persian both derive from the Hellenized form Πέρσις Persis of the root word Pârs. The Old Persian word was Pârsâ and its capital, Persepolis. Fars is the Arabized version of Pârs, as Arabic has no [p] phoneme.

The ancient Persians were present in the region from about the 9th century BC, and became the rulers of a large empire under the Achaemenid dynasty in the 6th century BC. The ruins of Persepolis and Pasargadae, two of the four capitals of the Achaemenid Empire, are located in Fars.
The Achaemenid Empire was defeated by Alexander III of Macedon in the fourth century BC.
Fars passed hand to hand through numerous dynasties, leaving behind numerous historical and ancient monuments; each of which has its own values as a world heritage, reflecting the history of the province, Iran, and western Asia. The ruins of Bishapur, Persepolis, and Firouzabad are all reminders of this.

There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has moderate winters with very hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz is 16.8 °C.

The geographical and climatic variation of the province causes varieties of plants; consequently, variation of wildlife has been formed in the province. Additional to the native animals of the province, many kinds of birds migrate to the province every year. Many kinds of ducks, storks and swallows migrate to this province in an annual parade. The main native animals of the province are gazelle, deer, mountain wild goat, ram, ewe and many kinds of birds.
The province of Fars includes many protected wildlife zones.

Agriculture is of great importance in Fars. Fars has major petrochemical facilities, along with an oil refinery, a factory for producing tires, a large electronics industry, and a sugar mill. Tourism is also a large industry in the province. UNESCO has designated an area in the province, called Arjan (known as Dasht e Arjan) as a biosphere reserve. The tribes of Fars including Qashqai Turks, Mamasani Lurs, Khamseh and Kohkiluyeh have kept their native and unique cultures and lifestyles which constitute part of the cultural heritage of Iran attracting many tourists.

Reference : wikipedia.org

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Fars's Tourist attractions

Persepolis

Persepolis

Persepolis (Old Persian: Pārśa,[2] New Persian: Takht-e Jamshid تخت جمشید or Pārseh پارسه ), literally meaning "city of Persians",[3] was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of city of Shiraz in Fars Province in Iran....

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Eram Garden

Eram Garden

Eram Garden is a historic Persian garden in Shiraz, Iran. Eram is the Persianized version of the Arabic word "Iram" meaning heaven in the Muslim's book of Koran.[citation needed] Eram Garden therefore is so called for its beauties and aesthetic attractions resembling "heaven." The garde...

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Pasargad

Pasargad

Pasargadae the capital of Cyrus the Great (559–530 BC) and also his last resting place, was a city in ancient Persia, and is today an archaeological site and one of Iran's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus ...

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Hafezieh ( Hafez tomb )

Hafezieh ( Haf...

The Tomb of Hafez and its associated memorial hall, the Hāfezieh, are two memorial structures erected in the northern edge of Shiraz, Iran, in memory of the celebrated Persian poet Hafez. The open pavilion structures are situated in the Musalla Gardens on the north bank of a seasonal ri...

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Saadi tomb ( Sadiyeh )

Saadi tomb ( S...

Abū-Muhammad Muslih al-Dīn bin Abdallāh Shīrāzī, Saadi Shiraz better known by his pen-name as Saʿdī or simply Saadi, was one of the major Persian poets of the medieval period. He is not only famous in Persian-speaking countries, but has also been quoted in western sources. He is recogni...

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Bamou National Park

Bamou National...

Bamu National Park is located 5 kilometers from Shiraz city. Along with the population explosion and expansion of Shiraz, this park began to shrink in size and was converted into a zoological park and then a national park in 1970. Bamu Park with an approximate space of 48 thousands hect...

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Bakhtegan National Park

Bakhtegan Nati...

Bakhtegan National Park Lake Bakhtegan is a salt lake in Fars Province, southern Iran, about 160 km (99 mi) east of Shiraz and 15 km (9.3 mi) west of the town of Neyriz. Bakhtegan, with a surface area of 3,500 square kilometres (1,400 sq mi), is Iran's second-largest lake. It is fed ...

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Dalaki Bridge ( Moshir Bridge )

Dalaki Bridge ...

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Fars's Customs

Sugar Rice ( Shekar Polo )

Sugar Rice ( S...

one of the characteristics of each area is its espedcial food. Shiraz has various kinds of foods & sweet. ingridiants: 1 kilo rice 1 kilo sugar oil, saffron, nuts & pistachio Directions: 1. soak the rice in water 2. add curcuma & let it boil on fire 3. boil sugar with 2 cups o...

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Costume

Costume

Traditional and local clothes are still common among villagers and nomads. Their traditional costumes are sewn and worn in so many of Fars’s villages with its traditional form. In fact Fars’s costumes have the most beautiful cultural attractions throughout Iran. The reputation of the co...

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Shevid Loobia ( Loobia Polo Shirazi , Rice With Black Eyed Beans )

Shevid Loobia ...

Its a vary tasty Persian recipe that can be eaten with Koofteh (meatballs) or chicken. The Shevid Loobia (Loobia Polo Shirazi) I have explained below is made with Koofteh (meatballs). Also, a key item that adds a sweet and sour taste is the Rob va Shireh (a pomegranate and sugar syrup) ...

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Sweet Paste of Kharak

Sweet Paste of...

Sweet Paste of Karak The necessary materials for making sweet paste of karak: One kilo karak, fresh dates 300 grams, flour of rice 300 grams, solved saffron one glass, oil 150 grams, cardamoms powder one tea spoon. This sweet paste used in Jahrom and is one of the local and traditional...

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Wedding Celebration of Orange Tree

Wedding Celebr...

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Yakhani Nokhod

Yakhani Nokhod

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Fars's Goods And Crops

Fars Gelim ( Kilim )

Fars Gelim ( K...

The handicrafts of Fars are rich in diversity, the most significant of which are as follow: silver smithing, marquetry and skill-embroidery in Shiraz ; giveh (light cotton summer shoes) making in Abadeh ; and ceramics in Estahban ; carpet, jajim (fine carpet made of wool or cotton), and...

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Fars Gabbeh

Fars Gabbeh

Persian Gabbeh is a hand-knotted ( handmade ) thick Persian rug with long pile. It is made by the nomads of Fars province in south west Iran, of which the famous city of Shiraz is the capital. The most famous nomad group of this region is the Qashqai Tribe. Although the existing few old...

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Khatam ( Marquetry - Inlaid Work )

Khatam ( Marqu...

Khatam or Marquetry is the art of decorating the surface of wood with delicate pieces of metal, bone and wood precisely cut in geometrical figures and shapes. Marquetry is one of the finest handicraft artworks of Iran. The materials used in the construction of inlaid articles can be in...

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Carpet and Rug

Carpet and Rug

Shiraz has been known for centuries as the city of roses, which is reflected in the motifs of many of the carpets. However, the most common motif, and one by which the carpets may be identified, is the diamond-shaped lozenge by itself in the centre of the carpet or repeated along the le...

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Monabat ( Marquetry - Wood carving )

Monabat ( Marq...

Monabat or Marquetry is carving on wood. It is very similar to moarraq. The most important pre-requisite substance is wood such as pine, cypress, walnut & betel with religious designs. some other substances are ivory & bone. Reference : eshiraz.ir...

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Masghati

Masghati

There are a few different variations of Masghati, which is a Persian sweet made basically from starch. This specific recipe is for Masghati borideh shodeh (cut up pieces). Ingredients: 200 grams starch –its preferred that you use a flower starch, but I used corn starch 400 grams su...

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Distillates and Rosewater

Distillates an...

Some of shiraz souvenirs include: distillates ,rosewater and lemon juice Besides being well-known for its historical attractions, Iran is famous for its rose gardens and distillated products. Spring is not only a time for blossoming but a time for traditional feasts. One of the interes...

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Halva Masghati

Halva Masghati

Ingredients: 2 tablespoons Rice Flour 1 tablespoon Starch 2 cups water & Rose water (mostly rose water) 1 cup sugar 1 tablespoon oil saffron Directions: Stir the flour in a pot over the stove (on med to med-high heat) for approximately 5 to 10 minutes. Then add the starch and ...

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