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Description

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Climate : Temperate
OldName : Ersas، Ersasiya، Rajiya، Ardepa
Area : 15549
Population : 1201565
The Qazvin Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the north-west of the country, and its center is the city of Qazvin. The province was created in 1993 out of part of Tehran Province and includes 20 cities: Qazvin, Takestan, Abyek, Buin-Zahra, Eqhbalieh, Mohammadieh, Alvand, Esfarvarin, Mahmood Abad Nemooneh, Khoram Dasht, Ziä Abad, Avaj, Shäl, Danesfahan, Abgarm, ...see more Ardägh, Moallem Keläyeh, Razmian Kouhin and Bidestan in the form of four townships (chief cities) contains 18 sections, 44 rural districts, and 1543 villages. The province had a population of 1.14 million people by the 2006 census.
The province covers 15821 km². The climate of the province in the northern parts is cold and snowy in winters and temperate in summers. In the southern parts the climate is mild with comparatively cold winters and warm summers.

Qazvin was the location of a former capital of the Persian Empire and contains over 2000 architectural and archeological sites.
Archeological findings in the Qazvin plain reveal the existence of urban agricultural settlements as far back as 7000 BC. The name “Qazvin” or “Kasbin” is derived from Cas, an ancient tribe that lived south of the Caspian Sea millennia ago. The Caspian Sea itself in fact derives its name from the same origin. Qazvin geographically connects Tehran, Isfahan, and the Persian Gulf to the Caspian seacoast and Asia Minor, hence its strategic location throughout the ages.
Qazvin contains several archeological excavations dating back 9000 years ago. There are also 23 castles from the Ismaili Assassins nearby as well. And in the middle of the city, there lies the ruins of Meimoon Ghal'eh, one of several Sassanid edifices in the area.
Qazvin contains few buildings from the Safavi era when it was capital of Persia. Perhaps the most famous of the surviving edifices is the Ali Qapu mansion, today a museum in central Qazvin.
After Islam, the abundant attendance of mystics (ascetics), as well as the prevalence of tradition (Hadith), religious jurisprudence (Fegh´h), and philosophy in Qazvin, led to the emergence of many mosques and religious schools.
Qazvin actually contains three buildings built by the Russians in the late 19th/early 20th century. Among these is the current Mayor's office (former Ballet Hall), a water reservoir, and the Cantor church where a Russian pilot is buried.
According to explorers Pietro Della Valle, Jean Baptist Tavenier, Johannes Chardin, and others, there have been many Christians of various sects living in Qazvin for centuries. Qazvin is the location of the Saint Hripsime church, and it is also where four Jewish prophets gave tidings of the arrival of Jesus Christ. Their tomb is now a popular shrine called Peighambariyeh.
Also there are many castles and fortifications leftover mostly from the Isma'ili movement of the Middle Ages.
In the old days, Qazvin was nicknamed the 'city of water reservoirs'. Of the 100 or so water reservoirs of Qazvin, only 10 remain today, all protected by the Provincial Cultural Heritage Organization.

In recent decades, Qazvin has become a developing pole of the country, primarily due to its preferable location. Qazvin today is a center of textile trade, including cotton, silk and velvet, in addition to leather. It is on the railroad line and the highway between Tehran and Tabriz.
Qazvin has one of the largest power plants feeding electricity into Iran's national power grid, the Shahid Raja'i facility, which provides 7% of the country's electricity.

Reference: wikipedia.org

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Qazvin's Tourist attractions

Chehel sotoun ( Kolah Farangi Edifice )

Chehel sotoun ...

Chehel sotoun, Qazvin a Safavid pavilion that stands amid gardens in the central meydān (square) of the old city and in which the Qazvīn museum is installed. It was the year 951 AH Shah Tahmasp Safavi, who threatened to transfer the capital from Tabriz to Qazvin to the Ottoman Turks ...

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Alamut Castle

Alamut Castle

Alamut was a mountain fortress in the central Alborz Mountains south of the Caspian Sea of Daylam near the Rudbar region in Iran, approximately 100 km (60 mi) from present-day Tehran. Only ruins remain of this fortress today. The name means "Eagle's Nest". The region’s greatest attract...

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Hosseinyeh amines Home

Hosseinyeh ami...

Aminiha Hosseiniyeh is a historic hosseiniyeh in the Akhund (Molavi) neighbourhood of Qazvin, Iran. Built in 1858, it comprises 16 interconnected structures, constructed by a merchant called, Haj Mohammad Reza Amini. The public mourning area or Hosseinieh consists of three parallel hall...

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Cantor Church

Cantor Church

This church called the bell tower is a collection made during the occupation of Iran. In the world war II, by Russian in Qazvin city. In constitutional time an area called Cantor was dedicated to Russians where they had settled their offices. The church was built by a Russian Road const...

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Avan Lake

Avan Lake

The Avan peak rises to about 3,750 m. and is located in the Alborz Mountain Range in the north of Roodbar. This summit is also known as Kheshteh Chal. In the south west direction it is connected to the gorge and summit of Sialan, and in northwest direction to the Bazakooh and Parch Kooh...

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Khorghan Hot Spring

Khorghan Hot S...

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Yaleh Gonbad spring

Yaleh Gonbad s...

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Vali Cave

Vali Cave

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Qazvin's Customs

Ghazvin people's Costume

Ghazvin people...

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Nisar Nesar (traditional food Qazvin)

Nisar Nesar (t...

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Dam kabab

Dam kabab

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Language

Language

The majority of the people of the province as well as the city of Qazvin are Persians and the main language of the people of Qazvin is Persian language with the Qazvini accent. Other languages include Tati-Persian (in Takestan), Kurdish, Persian, Luri, Romani. Reference: wikipedia.org...

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hazelnut celebrating of Yavard village

hazelnut celeb...

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Cornus mas celebrating of hir village

Cornus mas cel...

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Cherry celebrating of Harif village

Cherry celebra...

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rice celebrating of Razmian

rice celebrati...

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