Andimeshk (Persian: اندیمشک, also Romanized as Āndīmeshḵ) is a city in and the capital of Andimeshk County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2010 census, its population was 167,126 in Andimeshk County.
Andimeshk is located about 34 kilometres (21 mi) north of Shush, on the main road and the rail line between Tehran and Ahvaz.
The name first appears in cuneiform tablets from Mesopotamia from the Ur III period (21st to 20th century BCE) in the form Adamshakh, with a probable meaning ...see more "Crocodile (Town)". Later it was called "Andamaska" or "Andimaska", meaning "plenty of butter"; local villages like Gheel-AB and Lour and two fortresses were added to it. The city was en route to Ilam and Anshan and subsequently to Lorestan, which made it strategically important until the late Sassanid era.