The National Museum of Iran is located in Tehran, Iran.
It’s one of the more attractive modern buildings in Tehran, blending Sassanian principles such as the grand iwan -style entrance with art deco–style brickwork.
The museum consists of two buildings. Bldg. No 1 has the entire pre-Islamic remaining works, Bldg. No.2 has post-Islamic works. This part was inaugurated at 1996 and consists of 3 floors. The first floor is the meeting and temporary exhibition hall. Works and objects of Islamic culture, Islam art in relation to objective and periodic method are collected in the second and third floors.
The objects selected for this large museum, are mostly selected out of excavation or from prominent collections.
In designing this museum, instruments related to architecture of historical buildings are presented, at the same time, to explain their actual position.
It is the best place to see the history of the Persia through preserved ancient and medieval Persian antiquities. These works include fine pottery vessels, historic metal objects, textiles remains from different regions of Iran, and also some rare books and coins.
The oldest artifacts in the museum are from Kashafrud, Darband ...see more and Ganj Par, sites that date back to the Lower Paleolithic period. Mousterian stone tools made by Neanderthals are also on display in the first hall. The most important Upper Paleolithic tools are from the Yafteh Cave, dating back approximately 30,000-35,000 years. There are also 9,000 year-old human and animal figurines from Sarab Hill in Kermanshah Province among the many other ancient artifacts.
Among the finds from Shush , there’s a stone capital of a winged lion, some delightful pitchers and vessels in animal shapes, and colorful glazed bricks decorated with double-winged mythical creatures. A copy of the diarist steel detailing the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, found at Shush in 1901, is also displayed – the original being in Paris.
One of the more startling exhibits is the Salt Man from Zanjan. He’s thought to have been a miner who died in the 3rd or 4th century AD, but whose white-bearded head, leg in a leather boot and tools were preserved by the salt in which he was buried. More comical is a bronze statue Parthian prince ‘Shami’ found in Khuzestan, whose cheesy mustache looks out from a head obviously made separately from the much larger body.
Iran national museum is the biggest one about Iran`s archaeology and history. Based on volume, variety and quality of works, this museum is in a same range of highness between the other great museums. In Iran curatorship culture, the ancient Iran museum is a major museum and precious, worthful works which belongs to the prehistoric time of Iran, show( depict) our ceremonies, civilization and behaviors. Some outstanding works that have been depicted date back to the neo paleolithic era.