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Climate : Warm
OldName : Soziyana
Area : 64057
Population : 4531720
Khuzestan Province، is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the southwest of the country, bordering Iraq's Basra Province and the Persian Gulf. Its capital is Ahvaz and covers an area of 63,238 km². Other major cities include Behbahan, Abadan, Andimeshk, Khorramshahr, Bandar Imam, Dezful, Shushtar, Omidiyeh, Izeh, Baq-e-Malek, Mah Shahr, Susangerd, Ramhormoz, Shadegan, Susa, Masjed Soleiman, Minoo Island ...see more and Hoveizeh. According to the 2004 census, the province had an estimated population of 4,277,998 inhabitants.
Khuzestan is the major oil-producing region of Iran, and as such is one of the wealthiest provinces in Iran. Khuzestan ranks third among Iran's provinces in GDP. Khuzestan is also home to the Arvand Free Trade Zone.[25] It is one of six economic Free Trade Zones in Iran.[26] and the PETZONE (Petrochemical Special Economic Zone in Mahshahr).

Historically, Khuzestan is what historians refer to as ancient Elam, whose capital was in Susa.The province of Khuzestan is one of the centres of ancient civilization, based around Susa. The first large scale empire based here was that of the powerful 4th millennium BC Elamites. The Achaemenid Old Persian term for Elam was Hujiyā, which is present in the modern name. Khuzestan, meaning "the Land of the Khuz" refers to the original inhabitants of this province, the "Susian" people (Old Persian "Huza" or Huja (as in the inscription at the tomb of Darius the Great at Naqsh-e Rostam, (the Shushan of the Hebrew sources) where it is recorded as inscription as "Hauja" or "Huja"). This is in conformity with the same evolutionary process where the Old Persian changed the name Sindh into Hind/Hindustan. In Middle Persian the term evolves into "Khuz" and "Kuzi". The pre-Islamic Partho-Sassanid Inscriptions gives the name of the province as Khwuzestan. As the most ancient Iranian province, it is often referred to as the "birthplace of the nation," as this is where the history of the Persian Empire begins.

The province of Khuzestan can be basically divided into two regions, the rolling hills and mountainous regions north of the Ahvaz Ridge, and the plains and marsh lands to its south.
Khuzestan has great potentials for agricultural expansion, which is almost unrivaled by the country's other provinces. Large and permanent rivers flow over the entire territory contributing to the fertility of the land. Karun, Iran's most effluent river, 850 kilometers long, flows into the Persian Gulf through this province.
The climate of Khuzestan is generally hot and occasionally humid, particularly in the south, while winters are much more pleasant and dry. Summertime temperatures routinely exceed 50 degrees Celsius and in the winter it can drop below freezing.

The people of Khuzestan are predominantly Shia, with small Sunni, Jewish, Christian and Mandean minorities. Khuzestanis are also very well regarded for their hospitality and generosity.
Seafood is the most important part of Khuzestani cuisine, but many other dishes are also featured. Some provincial specialties include Ghalyeh Meygu ("shrimp casserole"), ashe-mohshala (a Khorramshahri breakfast stew), sær shir (a Dezfuli breakfast of heavy cream), hælim (a Shushtari breakfast of wheatmeal with shredded lamb), and kohbbeh (a deep-fried rice cake with ground beef filling and other spices of Arabic origin, a variant on Levantine kibbeh).
Iran National Heritage Organization lists 140 sites of historical and cultural significance in Khuzestan, reflecting the fact that the province was once the seat of Iran's most ancient empire.
Some of the more popular sites of attraction include: Choqa Zanbil ,Dezful, Shushtar, ... .
Reference : wikipedia.org

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khuzestan's Tourist attractions

Abadan Museum

Abadan Museum

It is located 17 km from south west of Chenaran city, and 5 km from north of the village (Akhlamd). Some experts believe it relates to Teymoor`s time, and some other to Safavi`s time. It was built on lime stone of the second period of Geology, made from stone, bricks and mortar. It has ...

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Castle salasel

Castle salasel

Salasel Castle is a very big fort which had spacious and various yards, barracks , stables , bathrooms , naves ,towers, little gardens, arsenal, Naqareh Khane( a place where the drums are beaten at fixed intervals), Haram Khane( sanctuary house) , kitchen, big basins, fence and ditch. ...

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Moin - ol Tojar Caravanserai

Moin - ol Toja...

This caravanserai (inn) is located next to the white bridge and in the ancient context of Ahvaz. A person whose name was Moin-ol Tojar built this building when shipping was so rich in the Kuron River. After entrancing of Linch brothers to the Kuron, trading was booming, therefore a pers...

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Shoshtar Mosque

Shoshtar Mosqu...

Shushtar congregation is located on the west side of Shushtar and its original building is one of the works of early centuries of Islam. Building of this mosque has undergone a fundamental change in later centuries especially in Safavid era. According to the available evidences and wri...

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Tomb of Sultan Ibrahim

Tomb of Sultan...

In Karta village which is located in Ize Township, there is a tomb at the vast foothill. This tomb is called tomb of Sultan Ibrahim. The place of this great Imamzade's burial is located in Susan and Karta village. All of the village's residents are Sadat (descendants of the prophets) an...

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Kul-e Farah

Kul-e Farah

Kul-e Farah (or "Kul-e Fara") is the site of six Elamite rock reliefs that are located in a gorge on the plain's east side. Kul-e Farah is located near the city of Izeh in Khuzestan, southwest Iran. The reliefs were first visited in European research by Austen Henry Layard in 1841. Laya...

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Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System

Shushtar Histo...

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, is an island city from the Sassanid era with a complex irrigation system, situated in Iran's Khuzestan Province. It has been registered on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites in 2009, as Iran's 10th cultural heritage site to be registered on the ...

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Tizno House

Tizno House

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khuzestan's Customs

Khuzestan's costume

Khuzestan's co...

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Language and dialectic

Language and d...

Khuzestan, unlike most other provinces in Iran, is inhabited by a number of ethnic minorities and peoples: Persians in major cities, Iranian Arabs, Lurs, Mizrahi Jews, Laks of the north, the Turkic-speaking Qashqai and Afshari tribes, the Khuzis of Shush (Susa), Dezful, Shushtar, Andime...

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Folk music

Folk music

Khuzestani folk music is colorful and festive, and each native group has their own rich traditions and legacy in this area....

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Ghalyeh Mahi

Ghalyeh Mahi

Khuzestani dish is Ghalyeh Mahi, a popular fish dish that is prepared with heavy spices, onions and cilantro. The fish used in the dish is locally known as mahi soboor (shad fish), a species of fish found in the Persian Gulf. ...

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Mofteh Arabi

Mofteh Arabi

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Khuzestan's people customs on Ramadan

Khuzestan's pe...

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Tanouri Sabour Fish

Tanouri Sabour...

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