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Climate : Warm
OldName : Istatis
Area : 131551
Population : 582682
Yazd Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the centre of the country, and its administrative center is the city of Yazd.
The province has an area of 131,575 km², and according to the most recent divisions of the country, is divided into eleven counties: Maybod, Mehreez, Taft, Ardakan, Behabad, Khatam, Sadogh, Bafq, Abar Kooh and Yazd, the capital. In 2006, Yazd had an estimated population of ...see more 1,033,291. The population of Yazd is predominantly Persian, most of whom are Shi'a Muslims. There are also small Zoroastrian communities.
The province of Yazd has one of the driest climates in Iran due to its location east of the Zagros mountains, making much of Yazd subject to the rain shadow effect.

The city of Yazd’s first mention in historic records predate it back to around 3000 years B.C. when it was related to by the name of Ysatis (also Υσάτης in ancient greek), and was then part of the domain of Medes, an ancient empire of Iran. Excavations of Gharbal Biz remaining from the Achaemenid period are another example of the antiquity of Yazd.
Zoroastrians have traditionally been populous in Yazd. Even now, roughly ten percent of the town's population according to some estimates adhere to this ancient religion.
In the course of history due to its distance from important capitals and its harsh natural surrounding, Yazd remained immune to major troops' movements and destruction from wars, therefore it kept many of its traditions, city forms and architecture until recent times.
Yazd hails from an ancient history. As an example, Tehran University and Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization have teamed up with France's CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) to carry out archeological studies in Yazd province as part of a project aiming at preparing archeological plans of the area from the Mesolithic era.
During the invasion of Genghis Khan in the early 13th century, Yazd became a safehaven and home for many artists, intellectuals, and scientists fleeing their war ravaged cities across Persia.

Amidst the immense surrounding desert, Yazd retains elements of its old religion, traditions, and architecture, which is recognized by UNESCO for its architectural heritage. In 2004, the Majles allocated funds to help restore historical sites in Yazd in order to nominate Yazd as a Cultural Heritage city by UNESCO.
The word Yazd means feast and worship. The city of Yazd has resisted the modern urbanization changes and has so far maintained its traditional structure. The geographical features of this region have prompted residents to develop special architectural styles. For this reason, in the older part of the city most houses are built of adobe and have domed roofs (gonbad). These materials serve as an excellent insulation preventing heat from passing through.
The existence of special ventilation structures, called Badgirs is a distinctive feature of the architecture of this city (A Badgir is a high structure on the roof under which, in the interior of the building, there is a small pool).
The Jame Mosque (Friday Mosque) of Yazd crowned by a pair of minarets, the highest in Persia, the portal's facade is decorated from top to bottom in dazzling tile work, predominantly blue in color.

Reference : wikipedia.org

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yazd's Tourist attractions

Amir Chakhmagh Complex

Amir Chakhmagh...

In order to populate Yazd and with the cooperation of his wife, Fatemeh Khatoun, Amir Jalaledin Chakhmagh - one of the Shahrokh Teymuri's commanders and the governor of Yazd - has founded a complex including Tekieh (religious theatre), square, bath, caravansaries, monastery, pastry hous...

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Zoroastrians' Fire Temple

Zoroastrians' ...

This construction pertains to the Zoroastrians, including a building and luxuriant garden which has been built in the recent century. It is located on Ayatollah Kashani St. The Holy Fire, what is respectable for Zoroastrians, lasting 1500 years, is kept and cared in this place. Its pr...

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Kabir Jaame' Mosque

Kabir Jaame' M...

This mosque is one of the most valuable artistic historical heritages and treasures of the Islamic-national architecture. The primary foundation of this mosque belongs to Ala'oddoleh Garshasb Al-e Bouyeh, 12th century. But the present mosque belongs to Al-e Mozaffar and Teymuri's era in...

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Zoroastians' Tower of Silence

Zoroastians' T...

Tower of silence means Cemetery of Geber in Persian culture. Two towers of silence are located on a high hill, about Safaiyeh quarter, in the south end part of Yazd. The old one is known as Hanjaki Hatria (Indian extraction Zoroastrian), and newer one as Golestan. There is a well betwe...

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Water Museum

Water Museum

Location: Water Museum, Ghiam Avenue, Yazd The museum is located at Kolahdoozha House, one of the most valuable traditional architectures of yazd. There is a right place for the recognition of historic monuments in various fields related to water that can be used for researchers and en...

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Dolat Abad Garden

Dolat Abad Gar...

Dolat Abad Garden is one of the famous gardens of Iran which has been designed and built during Zand era. An aqueduct with the same name supplies the required water for the garden. The house has several beautiful halls. In each room there is a carving door and unique artwork. Doors of...

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Yazd Alexander's Prison (Zendan-e Eskandar)

Yazd Alexander...

Zendan-e Eskandar is an ancient domed structure apparently known by this name as a result of a reference in a Hafez’s poems. The complex contains a deep, circular, brick-lined pit almost 10 meters in diameter resembling an ancient dungeon found at the heart of the old. There is also a w...

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Dareh Gahan Waterfall

Dareh Gahan Wa...

One of the attractions of Taft Township in Yazd province is a resort called Daregahan. Due to its beautiful waterfall and cliffs, has attracted so many tourists. The waterfall is located at a valley at the foothill of Shirkooh Mountain; its water comes from rainfall and gradual melting...

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yazd's Customs

Ash-e Shooli ( Shooli Soup )

Ash-e Shooli (...

This soup is cooked by Yazdis and very common among them. No one knows where the word ‘shooli’ comes from, but everyone knows its taste. Shooli is a delicious and simple soup, and its seasoning is vinegar, but it can be replaced with pomegranate paste, or any other sour liquid. In...

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Gheymeh Yazdi

Gheymeh Yazdi

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Wedding Celebration in Yazd

Wedding Celebr...

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Yazdi Zaroastrian Wedding

Yazdi Zaroastr...

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yazd's Goods And Crops

Yazdi Cakes

Yazdi Cakes

Ingredients: 4 eggs, separated (room temp) 1 c sugar 1/2 cup unsalted butter, melted 1 c whole milk plain yogurt 1 tsp baking powder 1 tsp baking soda 1/4 tsp salt 1 tsp ground cardamom 1 Tbs rose water (optional) [I used it] 1/4 c rice flour 2 c sifted all-purpose ...

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Carpet and Rug

Carpet and Rug

In 1996, there were 65000 carpets weaving looms at work across the province and some 30,000 weavers were engaged in this old artistic and economic activity. Five square meters of carpet is woven by each weaver per year. Carpets are usually made in 3x4, 2.5x3.5, 2.5x2.5, and 1x1 sizes (i...

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Daraie

Daraie

Yazd is a premier Daraie-weaving center in Iran, which is a kind of soft silk fabric with gorgeous-colored diamond shapes on it. The warps are always dyed before weaving. As the weaver makes the fabric, the colors and designs gradually appear. Daraie was made of natural silk in the past...

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Termeh

Termeh

Termeh is a gorgeous silk fabric whose warp is silk thread and its pick is colorful silk, cotton and woolen threads. In olden days, people made Termeh by hand, because of which Termeh was known as “finger-woven fabric”. This gorgeous soft fabric is world famous for its patterns, espec...

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Pottery and Ceramics

Pottery and Ce...

Pottery, the oldest handmade artwork, has a 6,000-year-old history in Iran. Local people call the earthenware ‘Kevareh’, which is made of clay. The earthenware is world famous for its designs, especially “fish”, “the lady sun” and “the hen”. Meybod is a prominent pottery-producing cente...

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Handmade Rug ( Kilim and Zilou )

Handmade Rug (...

Meybod is a premier zilou-producing center. With regard to its pattern and fabric, it resembles wicker works and was used to carpet the mosques and holy places. Zilou is made of cotton thread and comes in sizes of 3 meters by 4 meters or 2 meters by 3 meters. The white and blue zilou ...

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Blacksmithing

Blacksmithing

The experienced blacksmiths of Yazd use ordinary tools such as pliers, hammers, knives, chisels and so on. Mehriz, Aqda, Nodoushan, Sakhvid and Khezrabad are premier centers of blacksmithing. Reference: irib.ir...

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Giveh Making ( Giveh weaving )

Giveh Making (...

Giveh is a type of traditional Iranian shoes that are very comfortable and suit Iranian climates (especially its dry climate). It is made of cotton threads which let the air in and cool the feet. The best type of Giveh is called ‘Maleki’. It comes in colors like black, brown and mostly ...

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