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Description

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Climate : Temperate
OldName : Varna
Area : 314042
Population : 2480874
Gilan Province, is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The northern part of the province is part of territory of South (Iranian) Talysh. At the center of the province is the main city of Rasht. Other towns in the province include Astara, Astaneh-e Ashrafiyyeh, Fuman, Lahijan, Langrud, Masouleh, Manjil, Rudbar, Roudsar, Shaft, Talesh, and Soumahe Sara.
The main harbor port of the province is Bandar-e Anzali ...see more (previously Bandar-e Pahlavi).

During ancient Persian era, this area was a province known as Daylam (sometimes Daylaman, Dailam or Delam). It was the place of origin of the Buyid dynasty. The people of the province had a prominent position during the Sassanid dynasty, their presence extended to Mesopotamia.
Buyids established the most successful of the Deylamite dynasties of Iran.
Before the introduction of silk production to this region (date unknown, but definitely a pillar of the economy by the 15th century AD), Gilan was a poor province. This changed, with the introduction of the silk worm in the late Middle Ages.

After World War I, Gilan came to be ruled independently of the central government of Tehran and concern arose that the province might permanently separate at some point. Prior to the war, Gilanis had played an important role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran. Sepahdar-e Tonekaboni (Rashti) was a prominent figure in the early years of the revolution and was instrumental in defeating Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar.
In the late 1910s, many Gilakis gathered under the leadership of Mirza Kuchik Khan, who became the most prominent revolutionary leader in northern Iran in this period. Khan's movement, known as the Jangal movement of Gilan, had sent an armed brigade to Tehran which helped depose the Qajar ruler Mohammad Ali Shah. However, the revolution did not progress the way the constitutionalists had strived for, and Iran came to face much internal unrest and foreign intervention, particularly from the British and Russian Empires.
In February 1921 the Soviets withdrew their support for the Jangali government of Gilan, and signed the Soviet-Iranian Friendship Treaty with the central government of Tehran. The Jangalis continued to struggle against the central government until their final defeat in September 1921 when control of Gilan returned to Tehran.

Gilan has a humid subtropical climate with by a large margin the heaviest rainfall in Iran: Rasht, the capital of the province, is known internationally as the "City of Silver Rains" and within Iran as the "City of Rain". Rainfall is heaviest between September and December. The Alborz range provides further diversity to the land in addition to the Caspian coasts.
The coastline is cooler and attracts large numbers of domestic and international tourists. Large parts of the province are mountainous, green and forested. The coastal plain along the Caspian Sea is similar to that of Mazandaran, mainly used for rice paddies.
In May 1990 large parts of the province were destroyed by a huge earthquake, in which about 45,000 people died. Abbas Kiarostami made his films Life, and Nothing More... and Through the Olive Trees based upon this event.

Gilan's position on the Tehran-Baku trade route has established the cities of Bandar-e Anzali and Rasht as ranking amongst the most important commercial centers in Iran. As a result, the merchant and middle-classes comprise a significant percentage of the population.
The province has an annual average of 2 million tourists, mostly domestic. Although Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists 211 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province, the main tourist attraction in Gilan is the small town of Masouleh in the hills south-east of Rasht. The town is built ina fashion not dissimilar to the Pueblo settlements, with the roof of one house being the courtyard of the next house above.

Gilan has a strong culinary tradition, from which several dishes have come to be adopted across Iran. This richness derives in part from the climate, which allows for a wide variety of fruit, vegetables and nuts to be grown in the province. Seafood is a particularly strong component of Gilani (and Mazandarani) cuisine. Sturgeon, often smoked or served as kebab, and caviar are delicacies along the whole Caspian littoral. Other types of fish such as mahi sefid, kuli, kulmeh, Caspian salmon, mahi kapur and many others are consumed. Fish roe, or ashpal, is widely used in Gileki cuisine. Traditional Persian stews such as ghalieh mahi (fish stew) and ghalieh maygu (shrimp stew) are also featured and prepared in a uniquely Gilani fashion.
More specific to Gilan are a distinctive walnut-paste and pomegranate-juice sauce, used as a marinade for 'sour' kebab (Kabab Torsh) and as the basis of Fesenjān, a rich stew of duck, chicken or lamb.

Reference: wikipedia.org

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Gilan's Tourist attractions

Sajiran waterfall

Sajiran waterf...

Sajiran waterfall Sajiran waterfall at twenty kilometers south Rahimabad,one of the special nature features of this area,which came to exist by integration of multiple pure streams. This waterfall is located in the western hillside of samasos mountain and it’s access route passes from...

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Dorfak Peak ( Volcano )

Dorfak Peak ( ...

Dorfak peak Dorfak, name of a peak in gilan province and in Alborz mountains which means the Eagle’s nest. Most crowded peak of this mountains is Dorfak peak with 2714 meters height in Roudbar city suburb,Rahmatabad and Belukat section,DashteVeyl village and in 27 kilometers north east...

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Kolah Farangi Edifice

Kolah Farangi ...

Kolah farangi mansion Kolah farangi mansion in the south side of rasht city mohtasham’s garden. This wooden building is about 200 years old. Construction of the building is fine and remained from the late Qajar period which built in mohtashasm garden. Kolah farangi mansion has 4 floor...

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Lahijan's Tea history museum

Lahijan's Tea ...

The history of tea culture in Iran started at the end of the 15th century. Before that coffee was the main beverage in Iran. However, most of the coffee producing countries were located far from Iran, making shipping very difficult. With a major tea producing country, China, located on ...

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Lahijan's Green Roof

Lahijan's Gree...

The most famous attraction of Lahijan is Sheitan-Kouh and its surroundings include a pool, green roof and cable car. Sheitan-Kouh, which is also known as Sheikhan-Kouh or Sheitankouh (Satan mount) waterfall, green roof and cable car is located in east Lahijan. The artificial lake, kno...

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adobe bridge of Langrood

adobe bridge o...

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Monajam Bashi's house

Monajam Bashi'...

Monajjam Bashi House In the name of God Hi outfits, in contunig of our trips in Guilan we will go to Langroud at this time to visit Monajjam Bashi House which is one of the historical buildings of this town. Langroud is far from the center of Guilan 57 km and is composed of three parts ...

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Javaher Dasht

Javaher Dasht

For going to Javaher Dasht if we move from Rasht we should go to eastern Guilan. After passing 70 Km we will arrive in Roudsar. After Roudsar we will go to Siahkalroud and after 26 Km going far from Siahkalroud we will arrive in Javaher Dasht. A place which has an original nature, vast ...

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Gilan's Customs

Gilan's costume

Gilan's costum...

In contrast to the shorter skirts of the Ghoochani’s, the traditional Gilani dresses tend to be floor-length. A very distinct trend in the Gilani skirts is the traditional black and white stripes across the bottom of the skirt. Lighter solid shirt and vest are also worn and the head sc...

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Mirza ghasemi ( Mirza-Qasemi )

Mirza ghasemi ...

Mirza ghasemi or Mirza-Qasemi is an aubergine and egg dish with a smoky taste that is often served as a side dish or appetizer. Ingredients 8 eggs, large - 2 large eggplants - 6 large tomatoes, chopped - 2 tablespoons garlic puree - 2 teaspoons tumeric - salt, black pepper - 1/4 cu...

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Baghala ghatogh

Baghala ghatog...

Baghali Ghatogh (Kidney Bean Stew) is another veggie Persian stew that comes from Northern Province of Iran (Gilan and Mazandaran). Baghali Ghatogh is a healthy, easy and delicious meal, and would be served with Persian rice or any kind of bread. In Iran, we make Baghali Ghatogh with an...

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Gilan's dialectic

Gilan's dialec...

The majority of the population speaks Gilaki as their first language while many children, particularly in the cities, tend to use Standard Persian amongst themselves. The Gilaki language is a Caspian language, and a member of the northwestern Iranian language branch, spoken in Iran's G...

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Torshi Tareh

Torshi Tareh

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Rich olive

Rich olive

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Kabab torsh

Kabab torsh

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Panir bereshte (roasted cheese)

Panir bereshte...

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