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Yazd County (Persian: شهرستان یزد‎) is a county in Yazd Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Yazd. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 515,044, in 138,108 families.

Yazd is the capital of Yazd Province, Iran, and a centre of Zoroastrian culture. The city is located 270 km (170 mi) southeast of Isfahan. At the 2006 census, the population was 423,006, in 114,716 families.

Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, ...see more Yazd is an architecturally unique city. It is also known in Iran for the high quality of its handicrafts, especially silk weaving, and its confectionary.

Yazd is the driest major city in Iran, with an average annual rainfall of only 60 millimetres (2.4 in), and also the hottest north of the Persian Gulf coast, with summer temperatures very frequently above 40 °C (104 °F) in blazing sunshine with no humidity. Even at night the temperatures in summer are rather uncomfortable. In the winter, the days remain mild and sunny, but in the morning the thin air and low cloudiness cause very cold temperatures that can sometimes fall well below 0 °C (32 °F).

The city has a history of over 3,000 years, dating back to the time of the Median empire, when it was known as Ysatis (or Issatis). The present city name has however been derived from Yazdegerd I, a Sassanid ruler. The city was definitely a Zoroastrian centre during Sassanid times and Islam gradually became the dominant religion in the city.

Because of its remote desert location and the difficulty of approach, Yazd had remained largely immune to large battles and the destruction and ravages of war. For instance, it was a haven for those fleeing from destruction in other parts of Persia during the invasion of Genghis Khan. It was visited by Marco Polo in 1272, who remarked on the city's fine silk-weaving industry. It briefly served as the capital of the Muzaffarid Dynasty in the fourteenth century, and was unsuccessfully besieged in 1350−1351 by the Injuids under Shaikh Abu Ishaq. The Friday (or Congregation) Mosque, arguably the city's greatest architectural landmark, as well as other important buildings, date to this period. During the Qajar dynasty (18th Century AD) it was ruled by the Bakhtiari Khans.


People of Yazd are very famous for being peaceful, strategist, and hardworking. One of the notable things about Yazd is its very family centric culture. According to the official statistics by Iran's National Organization for Civil Registration, Yazd is among the 3 cities with lowest divorce rates in Iran.

The Pir-e-Naraki sanctuary as one the important pilgrimage destinations for Zoroastrians to have annual congregation and frequent visits during the year is now also a famous tourist spot. Such a transformation has occurred several times.

The other type of public presence which created a certain urban form is the Muslim parades and congregational events. They are mainly Processions called “Azadari” are held to commemorate and remember the events that took for main Islamic Martyrs and important figures. These events due to their huge public scene created chains of spaces which in times other than the events were also used as spaces to tour main spots in the city since most of them were juxtaposed to important urban monuments

Always known for the quality of its silk and carpets, Yazd today is one of Iran's industrial centers for textiles. There is also a considerable ceramics and construction materials industry and unique confectionery and jewellery industries. A significant portion of the population is also employed in other industries including agriculture, dairy, metal works and machine manufacturing. There are a number of companies involved in the growing information technology industry, mainly manufacturing primary materials such as cables and connectors. Currently Yazd is the home of the largest manufacturer of fibre optics in Iran.

Yazd's confectioneries have a tremendous following throughout Iran, which has been a source of tourism for the city. Workshops (experts or khalifehs) keep their recipes a guarded secret and there are many that have remained a private family business for many generations. Baghlava, ghotab and pashmak are the most popular sweets made in the city.
In 2000 the Yazd Water Museum opened; it features exhibits of water storage vessels and historical technologies related to water.

Yazd has expanded its industrial fields since the 1980s. With over 3 main industrial areas each containing over 70 different factories, Yazd has become one of the most technologically advanced cities of Iran. The most famous corporations include Yazd Steel, Shimi Plastic Yazd, and Yazd Polymer.

Reference:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazd
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazd_County

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Yazd's Tourist attractions

Amir Chakhmagh Complex

Amir Chakhmagh...

In order to populate Yazd and with the cooperation of his wife, Fatemeh Khatoun, Amir Jalaledin Chakhmagh - one of the Shahrokh Teymuri's commanders and the governor of Yazd - has founded a complex including Tekieh (religious theatre), square, bath, caravansaries, monastery, pastry hous...

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Zoroastrians' Fire Temple

Zoroastrians' ...

This construction pertains to the Zoroastrians, including a building and luxuriant garden which has been built in the recent century. It is located on Ayatollah Kashani St. The Holy Fire, what is respectable for Zoroastrians, lasting 1500 years, is kept and cared in this place. Its pr...

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Kabir Jaame' Mosque

Kabir Jaame' M...

This mosque is one of the most valuable artistic historical heritages and treasures of the Islamic-national architecture. The primary foundation of this mosque belongs to Ala'oddoleh Garshasb Al-e Bouyeh, 12th century. But the present mosque belongs to Al-e Mozaffar and Teymuri's era in...

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Zoroastians' Tower of Silence

Zoroastians' T...

Tower of silence means Cemetery of Geber in Persian culture. Two towers of silence are located on a high hill, about Safaiyeh quarter, in the south end part of Yazd. The old one is known as Hanjaki Hatria (Indian extraction Zoroastrian), and newer one as Golestan. There is a well betwe...

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Water Museum

Water Museum

Location: Water Museum, Ghiam Avenue, Yazd The museum is located at Kolahdoozha House, one of the most valuable traditional architectures of yazd. There is a right place for the recognition of historic monuments in various fields related to water that can be used for researchers and en...

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Dolat Abad Garden

Dolat Abad Gar...

Dolat Abad Garden is one of the famous gardens of Iran which has been designed and built during Zand era. An aqueduct with the same name supplies the required water for the garden. The house has several beautiful halls. In each room there is a carving door and unique artwork. Doors of...

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Yazd Alexander's Prison (Zendan-e Eskandar)

Yazd Alexander...

Zendan-e Eskandar is an ancient domed structure apparently known by this name as a result of a reference in a Hafez’s poems. The complex contains a deep, circular, brick-lined pit almost 10 meters in diameter resembling an ancient dungeon found at the heart of the old. There is also a w...

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Ayeneh Va Roshanaei Museum ( Mirror and Lightening Museum )

Ayeneh Va Rosh...

Mirror Palace or ( Museum of mirrors and lightening ) with a total area of 81740 and an underpinning of 837, is located in a beautiful garden in Yazd city, Ayatollah Kashani Street, and opposite of Hafte Tir Park. This building has been the private inn of a rich man, made by Saraf Zadeh...

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Yazd's Goods And Crops

Yazdi Cakes

Yazdi Cakes

Ingredients: 4 eggs, separated (room temp) 1 c sugar 1/2 cup unsalted butter, melted 1 c whole milk plain yogurt 1 tsp baking powder 1 tsp baking soda 1/4 tsp salt 1 tsp ground cardamom 1 Tbs rose water (optional) [I used it] 1/4 c rice flour 2 c sifted all-purpose ...

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Carpet and Rug

Carpet and Rug

In 1996, there were 65000 carpets weaving looms at work across the province and some 30,000 weavers were engaged in this old artistic and economic activity. Five square meters of carpet is woven by each weaver per year. Carpets are usually made in 3x4, 2.5x3.5, 2.5x2.5, and 1x1 sizes (i...

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Daraie

Daraie

Yazd is a premier Daraie-weaving center in Iran, which is a kind of soft silk fabric with gorgeous-colored diamond shapes on it. The warps are always dyed before weaving. As the weaver makes the fabric, the colors and designs gradually appear. Daraie was made of natural silk in the past...

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Termeh

Termeh

Termeh is a gorgeous silk fabric whose warp is silk thread and its pick is colorful silk, cotton and woolen threads. In olden days, people made Termeh by hand, because of which Termeh was known as “finger-woven fabric”. This gorgeous soft fabric is world famous for its patterns, espec...

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Ghotab ( Ghottab  - Qottab - Qotab )

Ghotab ( Ghott...

Qotab is an almond-filled, deep-fried Persian pastry. It's prepared with flour, almonds, icing sugar, vegetable oil and cardamom. Some versions of ghotab may contain other ingredients, since most of the best recipes are family secrets that are jealously guarded. Ghotab is one of three ...

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Baghlava ( Baklava )

Baghlava ( Bak...

Baklava is traditional Mediterranean treat using phyllo dough. The filling varies from ground walnuts to almonds or pistachios. Greeks use a honey syrup to sweeten their baklava while the Persians use a rose water syrup. Ingredients : 1 pound Phyllo Dough Sheets - 1-½ cup Pistachios...

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Haji Badam

Haji Badam

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weaving pilgrim clothes

weaving pilgri...

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