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Description

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Climate : Temperate
OldName : Rey
Area : 12981
Population : 12183391
Tehran Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It covers on area of 18,909 square kilometres (7,301 sq mi) and is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran.
Tehran Province borders Māzandarān Province in the north, Qom Province in the south, Semnān Province in the east, and Qazvīn Province in the west. The metropolis of Tehran is the capital city of the province and of Iran. As of June 2005, ...see more this province includes 13 townships, 43 municipalities, and 1358 villages.
Tehran Province is the richest province of Iran as it contributes approximately 29% of the country's GDP. Furthermore, it houses approximately 18% of the country's population. The province of Tehran has over 12 million inhabitants and is Iran's most densely-populated region. Approximately 86.5 percent reside in urban areas and 13.5 percent in rural areas of the province.

Environmentally, the climate of Tehran province in the southern areas is warm and dry, but in the mountain vicinity is cold and semi-humid, and in the higher regions is cold with long winters. The hottest months of the year are from mid-July to mid-September when temperatures range from 28 °C (82 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) and the coldest months experience 1 °C (34 °F) around December–January, but at certain times in winter it can reach −15 °C (5 °F). Tehran city has moderate winters and hot summers.

The province gained importance when Tehran was claimed the capital by the Qajar dynasty in 1778.
Tehran Province has several archeological sites indicating settlements dating back several thousand years. Until 300 years ago, Rey was the most prominent of the cities of the province. However, the city of Tehran rose to become the larger city and capital of Iran by 1778, and since then has been the political, cultural, economic, and commercial nucleus of Iran.
Tehran has over 1500 historical sites of cultural significance registered with the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran. The oldest of these in Tehran province are the remains of two sites in Firuzkuh County that date back to the 4th millennium BCE.

Tehran is the commercial heart of Iran. Tehran province has over 17,000 industrial units employing 390,000 people, 26% of all units in Iran. The province contains 30% of Iran's economy, and comprises 40% of Iran's consumer market.
The province contains 170 mines, over 330 square kilometres of forests, and over 12800 square kilometres of pasture.
Generally speaking, year round, regions such as the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains, especially in the mountains, valleys, and rivers and artificial lakes formed behind the great dams of Amir Kabir, Latiyan and Lar along with natural lakes of Jaban and Tarr provide considerable recreation for the province.
Moreover, due to excessive snowfall in the northern areas of the province during the winter season, the Alborz mountains form an excellent environment for winter sports such as skiing. Dizin, Shemshak, and Tochal are the most popular skiing resorts.

Reference : wikipedia.org


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Tehran's Tourist attractions

Emamzadeh Saleh

Emamzadeh Sale...

Imāmzādeh Sāleh is one of Imāmzadeh mosques in Iran. The mosque is located at Tajrish Square in Tehran's northern Shemiran district. The mosque entombs the remains of Sāleh, a son of the Twelver Shī‘ah Imām, Mūsā al-Kādhim, and is one of the most popular Shī‘ah shrines in northern Tehra...

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Shah-Abdol-Azim

Shah-Abdol-Azi...

The Shāh Abdol Azīm Shrine , located in Rey, Iran, contains the tomb of: ‘Abdul ‘Adhīm ibn ‘Abdillāh al-Hasanī[1] (aka. Shah Abdol Azim). Shah Abdol Azim was a fifth generation descendant of Hasan ibn ‘Alī[1] and a companion of Muhammad al-Taqī.[1] He was entombed here after his death i...

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Bibi Shahr Banu

Bibi Shahr Ban...

Bibi Shahr Banu Shrine is a shrine located near Shahr-e Ray, a southern suburb of Tehran, Iran. The shrine is located outside the present town on the slope of a small mountain range extending eastwards, known by the name of Mount Tabarak or Kuh-e Ray or also Kuh-e Bibi Sharbanu. T...

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Khojir National Park

Khojir Nationa...

Khojir and Sorkheh hesar national park with an area of 9,380 hectares stand at an attitude of 1,547 m. above sea-level, besides Tehran city. This is one of the oldest protected areas in Iran that is greatly considerable in terms of biodiversity and ecological values. The major portion ...

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Shams-ol-Emareh Mansion ( Shams-ol-Emareh )

Shams-ol-Emare...

The lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, ...

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Marble Throne ( Takht-e-Marmar )

Marble Throne ...

The Marble Throne (Takht-e marmar) is a 250 year old royal throne in Tehran, Iran. The throne was built from 1747 to 1751 for Fat'h Ali Shah Qajar. It was designed by Mirza Baba Shirazi Naqqash-Bashi and royal stonecutter Ostad Mohammad Ibrahim Isfahani. It consists of 65 marble stone ...

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Khalvat-e KarimKhani

Khalvat-e Kari...

Dating back to 1759, this building was a part of the interior residence of Karim Khan of Zand. Its basic structure is similar to the Marble Throne. Like the latter, it is a terrace. There is a small marble throne inside the terrace. The structure is much smaller than the Marble Throne a...

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Arg of Tehran ( Citadel of Tehran )

Arg of Tehran ...

After conquering of Tehran, Afghans built a bridge on the north side of this area. In front of it they made a gate called Arg. Tehran Arg and other building inside of it, are related to safavi and Zand`s time. In Agha Mohamad khan time, it was nearly in the north of Tehran, but years ...

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Tehran's Customs

Language and dialectic

Language and d...

The native Persian speakers of Iran dominate Tehran Province with a massive majority of 98.5% whilst other ethnic groups comprise 1.5% of the total population. Other ethnic minorities are noticeable within the area but no individual ethnic group holds a sizeable population within Tehra...

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Haji Firooz

Haji Firooz

Hāji Piruz or Hajji Firuz, popularly (Persian: حاجی پیروز ‎) in the language of literature and satire Haji or Hajji also (Persian: هاجى ‎ a satire maker) is the traditional herald of Nowruz, the Persian New Year. He oversees celebrations for the New Year perhaps as a remnant of the anci...

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Chahar Shanbeh Sury (Wednesday Light)

Chahar Shanbeh...

Chahārshanbe Suri the last Wednesday of the Persian solar year, the eve of which is marked by special customs and rituals, most notably jumping over fire. It is celebrated in Iran and Afghanistan. It is is an ancient Iranian festival dating back to at least 1700 BCE of the early Zoroast...

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Panjak or Panjeh

Panjak or Panj...

Panjak or Khamse Mostargheh referred to the last five days of the year when the weather was so cold. Since the products were in danger of freezing, people went to the mountain and planned a celebration for the weather not getting worst. During these five days, before the beginning of No...

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Tehran's Costume

Tehran's Costu...

Shawl Kollah and Jobeh(something like kaftan that was often worn as a coat or overdress, usually reaching to the ankles, with long sleeves) are among formal and casual clothes that were common in Ghajar era . Shawl Kollah was a kind of turban with an old root. Men’s clothes included: s...

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Dialect

Dialect

Iran is a very big country with variety of ethnicities and races. From region to region you hear many different accents and there are at least 4 main languages and 3 main dialects of Farsi. Tehrani accent is a dialect of modern Persian language spoken in Tehran Province, and the most co...

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Golrizan

Golrizan

Golrizan traditional ceremony has been started in Iran based on an age-old tradition related to the honorable sportsman’s manners. Iranians, from long times ago due to their sense of respect and altruism have been followed this tradition and consider this ritual as a God-given blessing...

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Dizi

Dizi

Ābgusht ( literally translated as "water-meat" ) or Dizi, is a Persian and Mesopotamian stew. It is also called Dizi, which refers to the traditional stone crocks it is served in. Some describe it as a "hearty mutton soup thickened with chickpeas." Ābgusht is usually made with lamb, chi...

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Tehran's Goods And Crops

Shemiran's apple

Shemiran's app...

Shemiran is considered as an important zone for producing and supplying apples in the whole of the country. These kinds of apples due to the high persistence and long storage capability have encouraged farmers to plant vast numbers of apple trees. The apple is yellow with some red lines...

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