The Aras (Persian: ارس‎), also known as Araks (Armenian: Արաքս), Yeraskh (Classical Armenian: Երասխ), Araxes (Greek: Αράξης), Aras (in Turkish and Kurdish),[1] Araz (in Azerbaijani), is a river in and along the countries of Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran.
It drains the south side of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains and then joins the Kura River which drains the north side of those mountains. Its total length is 1,072 kilometres (666 mi).
Given its length and a basin that covers an area of 102,000 square kilometres (39,000 sq mi), it is one of the largest rivers of the Caucasus.
The Aras rises near Erzurum, Turkey. It meets with the Akhurian River southeast of Digor, flows along the Turkish-Armenian border, and then near a corridor that connects Turkey to Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan exclave.
It then flows along the Iranian-Azerbaijan ...see more and the Iranian-Armenian border. The river then flows along the border between Iran and the main territory of the Azerbaijan to meet with the Kura River at the village of Sabirabad.
It then directly flows into the Caspian Sea. About 101,937 square kilometres (39,358 sq mi) of the Araz River basin is in Azerbaijan.
The Zangmar, Sariso, Ghotour River, Hajilar River, Kalibar River, Ilghena River, Darreh River and Balha River are the major tributaries of the Aras from the south (right).
In Turkey the Ghareso river flows in on the left side. The Akhurian, Metsamor, Hrazdan, Azat, Vedi, Arpa, Vorotan, Voghdji and Megri rivers flow in from the Armenian north side (left).
The Khachin River, Okhchi River, Kuri River and Kandlan River flow in from the Azerbaijan north side
In Armenian tradition, the river is named after Arast, a great-grandson of the legendary Armenian patriarch Haik.[3] See Erasx for the etymology.
The name was later Hellenized to Araxes and was applied to the Kura-Araxes culture, a prehistoric people which flourished in the valleys of the Kura and Aras.
But many times it is the Volga River which is called Araxes especially in Herodotus' History 1.202. The river is also mentioned in the last chapter of the Aeneid VIII by Virgil, as "angry at the bridge", since the Romans built a bridge over it,so that it is thereby conquered.
By some, the River Aras has been associated with the otherwise unidentified Gihon and Pishon rivers mentioned in the second chapter of the Bible.
In modern history, the Aras gained significance as a geographic political boundary. Under the terms of the Treaty of Gulistan and the Treaty of Turkmenchay following two Russo-Persian Wars of the 19th century, the river was chosen as the border limit between the Russian and Persian Empires as the latter was forced to irrevocably cede all of its Caucasian territories to Russia.[5] Iran and the Soviet Union later built the Aras Dam on the Aras in the Poldasht area creating the Aras Reservoir.
During the Cold War, some Iranian communists escaped to USSR using this river. Also Samad Behrangi, an Iranian author of children books, drowned in the River Aras.
In 2006, a bird research and education center was established by KuzeyDoğa, a Turkish non-governmental organization for nature conservation, in the Aras Valley at Yukarı Çıyrıklı village in Tuzluca district of Iğdır Province, Turkey.
It is one of Turkey's two yearly active bird ringing stations.[7] Between 2006 and 2014, more than 60,000 birds of 198 species were ringed and 258 bird species were observed at this station.
Fifty-five percent of the 471 bird species found in Turkey are recorded at this wetland, making it eastern Turkey's richest wetland for birds. The number of ringed and observed 258 bird species comprises 85 percent of the 303 bird species at Iğdır Province.
Seven new bird species were observed during the bird ringing activities in 2012 alone, including the raptor Shikra or Little Banded Goshawk (Accipiter badius), which was new to Turkey's avifauna.[8][9]
University of Utah biology professor Çağan Şekercioğlu, president of the KuzeyDoğa Society, appealed to the Ministry of Forest and Water Management to drop the Tuzluca Dam project, which would destroy the wetland harboring bird wildlife at Aras Valley.[8][10] In 2013, the ministry decided that the site deserves highest level of conservation status (Nature Conservation Area), but the same ministry has still not canceled its plans to build the dam that would destroy this site nature reserve.[7] KuzeyDoga started the campaign which has gathered over 17,500 signatures.

Asiyab Kharabe waterfall

Asiyab Kharabe...

Falls Mill Ruin Niagara Falls mill or mill ruins the Turkish Kharaba Dyyrman also called one of the finest attractions in East Azarbaijan is spectacular. The main waterfall is about 10 meters in height Vmsaht mill ruins area is 200 square meters. Tourist attractions, about 27 kilome...

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Saint Stepanos Monastery

Saint Stepanos...

The St. Stepanos Monastery (Armenian: Սուրբ Ստեփանոս վանք; Maghardavank Մաղարդավանք) is an Armenian monastery about 15 km northwest of Jolfa city, East Azarbaijan Province northeast Iran. It is situated in a deep canyon along the Arax river on the Iranian side of the border between Az...

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Chupan Chapel (Saint Stepanos Ensemble)

Chupan Chapel ...

Chupan church is an historical building that is located in the west of Jolfa border town in the coast of Aras river and between red alluvial mountains in range of eastern Azerbaijan. Based on some statements probably they built this church for shepherds, who their sheep grazes on the ...

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Oshtobin Village

Oshtobin Villa...

Village Ashtbyn Known as the Village Center Village Ashtbyn Dyzmar the Aras River and the eastern border of the USSR has been Yran . North of the border Nrvd juniper , Varzeqan its south pole , Hassan Abad forest Ghrbsh the East Village is Dyzmarghrby . Aras River passes within 14 k...

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Kordasht site

Kordasht site

Bath Krdsht Krdsht bath Krdsht village in the central part of the historic city of Julfa . It annually welcomes thousands of foreign and domestic turnover is expensive . The village of Bath Krdsht , Aras River on the south coast and along the rivers have been drawn to the West to the ...

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Kiyamaki wildlife refuge

Kiyamaki wildl...

Protected area Kyamky Kyamky wildlife refuge called The Sanctuary, a 3377-meter mountain "hot Kyamky" which city is the most important fronts, is derived. The "Kyamky" Having special tectonics and mill ruins are beautiful landscapes and natural scenery with beautiful Fig tree, consid...

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kantal nationl park

kantal nationl...


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Kamtal Mountains

Kamtal Mountai...


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