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Description

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Climate : Cold
OldName : Atourpatkan
Area : 45491
Population : 3724620
East Azerbaijan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the northwest of the country, bordering Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, and the provinces of Ardabil, West ...see more Azerbaijan, and Zanjan.
Its capital is Tabriz.

The province covers an area of approximately 47,830 km², it has a population of around four million people. The historical city of Tabriz is the most important city of this province, culturally, politically, and commercially.
The province has common borders with the current Republics of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Nakhchivan. A fine network of roads and railways connect East Azerbaijan to other parts of Iran and also to neighboring countries.
The highest peak of East Azerbaijan is Sahand Mountain at 3,722 m of elevation, lying south of Tabriz, whereas the lower lying areas are around Garmadooz (Ahar).
The heights of the province may be classified into three sectors, namely: the Qara Daq Mountains, the Sahand and Bozqoosh Mountains, and the Qaflan Kooh Mountains.

At the 1986 census there were twelve counties in East Azerbaijan Province. By the 1996 census two additional counties had been formed, Jolfa from part of Marand, and Malekan from part of Bonab.
Between 1996 and 2002, five new counties were formed: Ajabshir, Azarshahr, Charoimaq, Osku, and Varzaqan.[3] In 2010 Kalibar was split in half with the northern part becoming Khoda Afarin, while the southern part kept the name Kalibar.

East Azerbaijan is one of the most archaic territories in Iran. During the reign of Alexander of Macedon in Iran (331 BCE), a warrior known as Attorpat led a revolt in this area, then a territory of the Medes, and thereafter it was called Attorpatkan.
Since then this vicinity has been known as Azarabadegan, Azarbadgan and Azarbayjan. Islamic researchers proclaim that the birth of the prophet Zoroaster was in this area, in the vicinity of Lake Orumieh (Chichesht), Konzak City.
Needless to say, this province was subject to numerous political and economical upheavals, attracting the interest of foreigners.The constitutionalist movement of Iran began here in the late 19th century.

Today, East Azerbaijan province is an industrial center of Iran. East Azerbaijan province has over 5000 manufacturing units, of which at least 800 are industrial (6% percent of national total).
The value of product from these units in 1997 totalled US$374 million (373 billion rials = 4.07% of the national total). Total investments were valued at US$2.7 billion (2.4513 trillion rials) in 1997.

Some of the major industries include Azerr glass industries, Maraqeh paper manufacturing, Ahar Sungun copper and nepheline syenite, the Tabriz Oil Refinery and Petrochemical Complex, Tabriz Tractor Manufacturing Co., Azerbaijan steel, foundry and auto-part manufacturing, food industries, leather and shoe industries, and the Tabriz Machine Manufacturing Co.
Tabriz also has an excellent position in the handicraft industry of Iran, having a large share in the exports of the province. Tabriz carpets are widely known around the world and in international markets for their vibrant designs and colors.
Without exaggeration, Iranian rugs owe their fame to the creative minds of the designers and the deft hands of the Carpet weavers of East Azerbaijan.
At present there are about 66,000 Carpet production units in the province, employing some 200,000 people. The annual production of these carpets is roughly 792,000 m², which comprises more than 70% of Iran's Carpet exports.
35% of all Iranian carpets are produced in East Azerbaijan.
East Azerbaijan province is also one of the richest regions of Iran in natural minerals, with 180 mines in 1997, of which 121 units are currently in operation, and the rest are being planned.
UNESCO has two Biosphere reserves in East Azerbaijan province. One in Lake Urmia and the other at Arasbaran.

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Historical Bazaar of Tabriz

Historical Baz...

The Bazaar of Tabriz is one of the oldest bazaars of the Middle East and the largest covered bazar in the world.[citation needed] It was inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2010. Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity. Its historic bazaar complex is...

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Eil Goli ( Shah Goli Pool )

Eil Goli ( Sha...

El-Gölü (Azerbaijani: Él-Gölü, and Persian: ایل گلی) is the name of a large park in Tabriz, Iran. Early history of the El-Gölü is not clear. However, it seems that it was used as a water resource for agricultural purposes. It was used as a summer palace during the Qajar dynasty (when ...

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Maqbaratoshoara ( Maghbaratolshoara )

Maqbaratoshoar...

Maqbaratoshoara (Persian: مقبرةالشعرا‎) is a mausoleum for poets, mystics and famous people located in the Surkhab district of Tabriz in Iran. It was built by Tahmaseb Dolatshahi in the mid-1970s while he was the Secretary of Arts and Cultures of East Azarbaijan. On the east side of Sa...

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Babak fort ( Babak Castle )

Babak fort ( B...

Babak Fort or Babak Castle also known as the Immortal Castle or Republic Castle, is a large citadel and National Symbol of Iranians on the top of a mountain in the Arasbaran forests, which is located 6 km southwest of Kalibar City in East Azerbaijan province ,northwestern Iran. It ...

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Blue Mosque ( Masjed-e Kabud )

Blue Mosque ( ...

The Blue Mosque ( Masjed-e Kabud; Azerbaijani: Göy məscid) is a famous historic mosque in Tabriz, Iran. The mosque and some other public buildings were constructed in 1465 upon the order of Jahan Shah, the ruler of Kara Koyunlu. The mosque was severely damaged in an earthquake in 1779,...

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Asiyab Kharabe waterfall

Asiyab Kharabe...

Falls Mill Ruin Niagara Falls mill or mill ruins the Turkish Kharaba Dyyrman also called one of the finest attractions in East Azarbaijan is spectacular. The main waterfall is about 10 meters in height Vmsaht mill ruins area is 200 square meters. Tourist attractions, about 27 kilome...

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Ancient village of Majarshin

Ancient villag...

Majarshin is one of the villages of East Azerbaijan province which is located in Gonbar Rural District, in the Central District of Osku County and is located nearly 65 from the city of Tabriz, Majarshyn. Majarshin is the ancient and historical village that has a green positive nature a...

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Tabriz's Mashrooteh (Constitutional) House

Tabriz's Mashr...

Constitution House of Tabriz, also known as Khaneh Mashrouteh or khaneh Abolmeleh, is a historical edifice located next to the Great Bazaar of Tabriz, on Motahari Ave in Tabriz, Iran. During the years which led to Constitutional Revolution and afterwards the house was used as a gather...

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Tabriz köfte

Tabriz köfte

Ingredients: 1lb ground beef - 3/4 cup split peas - 3/4 cup rice - 2 eggs - 2 medium onions - 2 tbsp zereshk - 6 prunes - 3 walnuts - 3 tbsp dried summer savory - 1 tbsp advieh - 1 tsp turmeric - oil, salt & pepper Prep work: Cook split peas until tender. Cook rice until just ten...

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Khoresht-e Havij ( Carrot Stew )

Khoresht-e Hav...

Its a bit different than Havij Polo (Carrot Rice), and can be made to be sweet, sour, or a combination of the two. Ingredients (4 - 6 servings): Chicken or Beef — I used 2 chicken breasts - 1 small onion — finely chopped up - 5-6 carrots –grate half the carrots and chop the rest into ...

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Loobia Polo Tabrizi ( Rice With black-eyed bean )

Loobia Polo Ta...

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Geyganakh

Geyganakh

...

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Costume

Costume

Traditional clothing in East Azerbaijan, more than any cultural issues has been under rapid changes. Today, only among local villagers and nomads this local clothing can be seen. Geographic condition, environment and climate, lifestyle, social condition, economic condition, technologi...

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 Language and dialectic

Language and ...

The most outstanding features from a cultural point of view are the Language, Azari/Azerice, and folklore of this region. According to Dehkhoda Dictionary, the Language of Azerbaijan is originally "a branch of the Iranian languages known as Azari" (see Ancient Azari Language).However ...

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Folk music

Folk music

This is the music of provinces of Zanjan, East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan and Ardabil in Iran. Azerbaijan like other parts of Iran has a distinct music. The professional music of Azeri people are divided into two "distinct types", the music of "ashyg" and the "mugam". Reference : ...

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Yogurt Soup ( Ash-e Mast )

Yogurt Soup ( ...

As a family recipe there are many variations. The version I made included all three herbs, coriander, dill and mint, plus leek. However it can be made with just dill and no leek, you can even leave out the meat for a vegetarian soup. If you’re not a fan of coriander you could try repl...

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Carpet

Carpet

East Azerbaijan Province and specially Tabriz has an excellent position in the handicraft industry of Iran, having a large share in the exports of the province. Tabriz carpets are widely known around the world and in international markets for their vibrant designs and colors. Without ...

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Carpet

Carpet

A Tabriz rug/Carpet is a type in the general category of Iranian carpets from the city of Tabriz, the capital city of East Azarbaijan Province in north west of Iran. It is one of the oldest rug weaving centers and makes a huge diversity of types of carpets. The range starts at Bazaar ...

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Haris carpet

Haris carpet

The name of these carpets is associated with the village of Heris or Herez to the North East of Tabriz. Heriz rugs are Persian rugs from the area of Heris, East Azerbaijan in northwest Iran, northeast of Tabriz. Such rugs are produced in the village of the same name in the slopes of Mo...

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Verni bafi ( Weaving Verni)

Verni bafi ( W...

Verni-bafi (literally meaning Verni-weaving) is a unique art of northwestern Iran. This artistic activity is quite popular among women of the region, especially Arasbaran. Some 85 percent of nomads of East Azarbaijan province are active in weaving Verni. However, this Iranian handicra...

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Weaving Gelim ( kind of rug )

Weaving Gelim ...

Persian Kilims are flatweaves including Gelim, Sumakh, Jajim, & Sofreh types. A thousand years ago, every town in Iran had its own distinct weaving style. Society was also a factor: elegant silk carpets signalled wealth and distinction, while Sufis and Dervishes (who shunned earthly m...

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White pottery Zenouz

White pottery ...

All stages of making clay in this way are applied traditionally the and mainly conclude Application containers such as plate, bowl, cup, saucers, water jug, teapot, etc. coverage of This clay is done with two types of Pottery glazes , colorless Transparant and turquoise Transparant t...

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Silversmith

Silversmith

Silver work and its related arts in the city of Tabriz with the quality flow by many artists. Tapestry work, engraving, scrimshaw are active field related to silver industry silver in this province, Jewelry, functional and decorative glassware, mirrors, and candlesticks, picture frames ...

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Nogha ( Loka )

Nogha ( Loka )

Tabriz is also famous for its delicious cookies, some of which are Tabriz specialities, including Ghorabiye, Eris, Nogha and many others. Persian nougat, known as Gaz, is a variety that has been produced in Isfahan city for many centuries. It contains the sugary extract of the root of ...

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